Noil is a term commonly used in the textile industry to refer to a type of silk or cotton fabric made from short fibers or waste materials. It is characterized by its slightly nubby or textured appearance, which adds an interesting visual and tactile element to fabrics. Noil is known for its versatility and is used in a wide range of textile applications.
In the context of silk, noil is created from the short fibers left over after the long fibers have been removed during the silk reeling process. These short fibers are generally too short to be spun into traditional silk yarns, so they are instead carded and spun into a coarse, irregular yarn. This yarn is then woven or knitted into fabrics with a distinctive textured surface. Silk noil has a slightly matte appearance compared to traditional silk fabrics and often has a more casual, rustic aesthetic.
Cotton noil, on the other hand, is produced from cotton waste fibers that are generated during the cotton spinning process. These waste fibers are shorter and coarser than the long-staple fibers typically used in high-quality cotton textiles. Instead of being discarded, they are collected and spun into a yarn, which is then woven or knit into fabrics. Cotton noil fabrics have a similar textured appearance to silk noil and offer a soft, breathable, and slightly slubby texture.
Noil fabrics have several desirable properties that make them popular in various textile applications. Firstly, they are known for their comfort and breathability. The short fibers in noil fabrics create a fabric with more open spaces, allowing for better air circulation and moisture absorption. This makes noil fabrics suitable for warm weather clothing and bedding items.
Additionally, noil fabrics have a unique visual appeal. The irregular texture and subtle nubs give them a distinct character, adding depth and interest to garments and home textiles. Noil fabrics can range from lightweight to medium weight, making them suitable for a variety of applications, including apparel, accessories, upholstery, and drapery.
Some of the top users and manufacturers of noil fabrics include fashion brands that value the natural, textured look and feel of the fabric. Noil is often chosen for its unique aesthetic, as it offers a more relaxed and casual vibe compared to traditional silk or cotton fabrics. Many sustainable and ethical fashion brands also appreciate noil for its use of waste fibers, contributing to a more eco-friendly approach to textile production.
Noil fabrics are used by designers and manufacturers across the globe. Some notable users and manufacturers of noil fabrics include Eileen Fisher, a renowned American fashion brand known for its commitment to sustainable and organic materials. Eileen Fisher incorporates silk noil into its collections, offering garments with a soft drape and relaxed aesthetic.
Another example is Elizabeth Suzann, an independent clothing label based in the United States. They utilize silk noil in their designs to create garments with a textured, lived-in look that emphasizes comfort and versatility.
In summary, noil is a type of fabric made from short silk or cotton fibers that are spun into yarn and woven or knit into fabrics. Noil fabrics are known for their unique, slightly nubby texture and are favored by fashion brands seeking a more casual and sustainable aesthetic. The comfort, breathability, and visual appeal of noil fabrics make them versatile for a wide range of textile applications.
The shorter fibres separated from the longer fibres by combing during the preparatory process before spinning. Noils are a mixture of short and broken fibres, neps and vegetable matter. Noils may be used as one of the components in the woollen and felt trades.
Noil is sportier in appearance and created by short fibers, often from the innermost part of the cocoon. Has the look of hopsack but much softer.