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What is "Velcro" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 12-Mar-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 5 days ago)
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Velcro

The term "Velcro" is a trademarked brand name commonly used to refer to a type of fastening system that consists of two components: hooks and loops. It is widely used in the textile industry as a versatile and efficient closure mechanism. In the context of neckties, Velcro is sometimes used as a synonym to describe a particular style of necktie that utilizes the Velcro fastening system.

History and Origin

The Velcro fastening system was invented by Swiss engineer George de Mestral in the 1940s. Inspired by the burrs that stuck to his dog's fur during a hiking trip, de Mestral developed a way to mimic their natural attachment mechanism. He created a two-part fastening system consisting of tiny hooks on one side and loops on the other, which could be easily fastened and unfastened by pressing them together or pulling them apart.

The term "Velcro" is a combination of the French words "velours" (meaning velvet) and "crochet" (meaning hook). It was registered as a trademark in 1955 by the Velcro company, which continues to be a leading manufacturer of hook-and-loop fastening systems.

Types of Velcro

Velcro fastening systems come in various types, each designed for specific applications. The most common types include:

  1. Sew-On Velcro: This type features one side with hooks and the other with loops. It is designed to be stitched onto fabric or other materials, providing a secure and permanent closure.
  2. Adhesive-Backed Velcro: This type has one side with adhesive backing, allowing it to be easily adhered to surfaces without the need for sewing. It is commonly used for temporary closures or in applications where sewing is not possible or desired.
  3. Self-Engaging Velcro: This type consists of both hooks and loops on the same side, allowing the fastening system to be joined by simply pressing the two surfaces together. Self-engaging Velcro is often used in applications where quick and frequent fastening and unfastening are required.
  4. Specialty Velcro: There are also specialty types of Velcro designed for specific purposes, such as flame-resistant Velcro for safety applications or heavy-duty Velcro for industrial use.

Tips in Handling Velcro

To ensure the proper functioning and longevity of Velcro fasteners, here are some tips for handling and maintenance:

  • Cleaning: Regularly remove any lint, dirt, or debris from the hooks and loops to maintain optimal grip and prevent clogging.
  • Protection: When washing garments or items with Velcro fasteners, secure the Velcro to avoid snagging or tangling with other fabrics.
  • Storage: Store Velcro items with the fasteners closed to prevent them from collecting dust or losing their adhesive properties.
  • Replacement: Over time, the hooks and loops may wear out. If the Velcro fastening system no longer holds securely, consider replacing it to maintain its functionality.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Velcro is used extensively by various international brands across different industries. Some of the top users and manufacturers of Velcro fastening systems include:

  • 3M: 3M is a multinational conglomerate that produces a wide range of products, including Velcro fasteners used in various applications, such as clothing, automotive, aerospace, and healthcare.
  • YKK: YKK is a Japanese company known for manufacturing zippers and other fastening solutions. They also produce Velcro fasteners, offering reliable and high-quality closure systems.
  • Patagonia: Patagonia, an outdoor clothing and gear brand, utilizes Velcro fasteners in their products, providing convenient closures for jackets, pants, and accessories.
  • The North Face: The North Face, a renowned outdoor apparel and equipment company, incorporates Velcro fasteners in their garments and gear to ensure secure and adjustable closures.
  • Nike: Nike, a global leader in athletic footwear and apparel, incorporates Velcro fasteners in some of their footwear models, offering easy and customizable fit options.
  • Adidas: Adidas also utilizes Velcro fasteners in their footwear and clothing lines, providing convenient closures that enhance ease of use and adjustability.

Conclusion

The Velcro fastening system, originally invented by George de Mestral, revolutionized the way we secure and fasten textiles. With its versatile applications and various types, Velcro has become an integral part of many industries, including the textile industry. Whether it's used in clothing, accessories, or industrial applications, Velcro provides a reliable, adjustable, and convenient closure solution. Its top international users and manufacturers continue to innovate and incorporate Velcro fasteners into their products, ensuring efficient and functional closures for a wide range of applications.


Velcro
Nylon material made with both a surface of tiny hooks and a complementary surface of an adhesive pile, used in matching strips that can be pressed together or pulled apart for easy fastening and unfastening.
Velcro
Closure material. Consists of fabric with small hooks that stick to a corresponding fabric of small loops.

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