TextileGlossary.com

What is "Orientation" - Definition & Explanation

a) The degree of parallelism of fibres, usually as a result of a combing or attenuating action on fibre assemblies that causes the fibres to be substantially parallel to the main axis of the web or strand.

b) A preferred direction of linear molecules in the fine structure of fibres and usually caused by so stretching an extruded fibre that the length direction of the molecules tends to lie parallel to the main axis of the fibre.

c) In the case of natural fibres, a preferred direction of linear molecules laid down during growth, e.g. a spiral around the fibre axis in cotton.

The alignment of the crystalline structure in polymeric materials so as to produce a highly uniform structure. Orientation can be accomplished by cold drawing or stretching during fabrication.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The term comes from the Spanish word toca. A toque is a type of hat with a narrow brim or no brim at all. They were popular during the 13th-16th century in Europe, especially in France. One toque...
Removal of loose threads, knots, slubs, burs, and other extraneous materials from fabrics by means of a burling iron, a type of tweezer. The trick is to remove the impurity without damaging the...
Usually a plain weave, mercerized fabric made of long staple cotton which when treated with dope is used as airplane fabric to cover wings, fuselage or tails. Also used for boys’ suits, shirtings,...
Fabric that has been processed by dyeing, printing, applying of special resins and finishes, and is ready for market. Finishing: The process of dyeing, printing, etc.. of greige goods....
A steel rod which is inserted in between the base fabric and the pile ends in a pile fabric woven on a wire loom or épinglé loom. The height and thickness of the rod determine the size of the loop. A...

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