TextileGlossary.com

What is "Orientation" - Definition & Explanation

a) The degree of parallelism of fibres, usually as a result of a combing or attenuating action on fibre assemblies that causes the fibres to be substantially parallel to the main axis of the web or strand.

b) A preferred direction of linear molecules in the fine structure of fibres and usually caused by so stretching an extruded fibre that the length direction of the molecules tends to lie parallel to the main axis of the fibre.

c) In the case of natural fibres, a preferred direction of linear molecules laid down during growth, e.g. a spiral around the fibre axis in cotton.

The alignment of the crystalline structure in polymeric materials so as to produce a highly uniform structure. Orientation can be accomplished by cold drawing or stretching during fabrication.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A measure of wood, 144 cubic inches, for example, a board 1 inch thick, 12 inches wide and 1 foot long or 1 inch thick, 6 inches wide and 2 feet long. The usual measure for random length and width...
The process of dyeing finished garments. Benefits are that colour decisions can be left until the last minute (reducing manufacture of unwanted merchandise) and you only dye the fabric in the garment...
Properties given to textile materials using additives to eliminate or prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi. Usually, the additives remain after initial washing but may be washed out over a period...
Lastex is an elastic fiber made from Latex. It is most often used with other fibers to create fabrics such as Spandex and foundation garments. Lastex will deteriorate after repeated washing and...
Small, slender piece of steel with a hole for thread and a point for stitching fabric. Machine embroidery needles come in sharp-points for piercing heavy, tightly woven fabric; ball-points, which...

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