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What is "Orientation" - Definition & Explanation

a) The degree of parallelism of fibres, usually as a result of a combing or attenuating action on fibre assemblies that causes the fibres to be substantially parallel to the main axis of the web or strand.

b) A preferred direction of linear molecules in the fine structure of fibres and usually caused by so stretching an extruded fibre that the length direction of the molecules tends to lie parallel to the main axis of the fibre.

c) In the case of natural fibres, a preferred direction of linear molecules laid down during growth, e.g. a spiral around the fibre axis in cotton.

The alignment of the crystalline structure in polymeric materials so as to produce a highly uniform structure. Orientation can be accomplished by cold drawing or stretching during fabrication.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The procedure, other than by scouring only, of improving the whiteness of a textile by decolourising it from the grey state, with or without the removal of the nature colouring matter or extraneous...
Operations by which slivers (q.v.) are blended (or doubled), levelled and, by drafting (q.v.), reduced to the stage of roving (q.v.) (In the cotton industry, the term is applied exclusively to...
A Short, Bodice-like Breast Garment Of Wide Popularity Among Women In India, From Early Times. Related To The Classic Cholaka Mentioned In Sanskrit Literature. The Garment Is Worn In Many Styles;...
Brought to Damscus by Marco Polo in 13th Century. A jacquard woven fabric with floral or geometric patterns created with different weave effects. Can be woven self-tone: one color warp: different...
Pre-delivery preparation for a piece of furniture. This can include inspection for damage, completeness, and proper operation; removal of stickers and tags and minor repairs from manufacturing or...

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