TextileGlossary.com

What is "Oxford" - Definition & Explanation

Soft, somewhat porous, and rather stout cotton shirting given a silk-like luster finish. Made on small repeat basket weaves, the fabric soils easily because of the soft, bulky filling used in the goods. The cloth comes in all white or may have stripes with small geometric designs between these stripes.
A fine, soft, lightweight woven cotton or blended with manufactured fibers in a 2 x 1 basket weave variation of the plain weave construction. The fabric is used primarily in shirtings.
Cotton, or sometimes rayon in a plain weave. Warp has two fine yarns which travel as one and one heavier softly-spun bulky filling which gives it a basket-weave look. Better qualities of oxford cotton are mercerized. It is a rather heavy fabric that is usually all white but some has a spaced stripe in the warp direction. Oxford launders very well but soils easily. When made with yarn dyed warp and white weft, it is called oxford chambray. The one remaining commercial shirting material made originally by a Scotch mill which bore the names of four Universities - Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, and Yale. Well known for men's shirts, but is also used for summer jackets, shirts, skirts, dresses, and sportswear.
A fabric with a single filling yarn woven over and under 2 smaller warp yarns. Commonly found in cotton shirtings but oxfords are produced in a wide variety of fibers and weights for many uses, mainly in apparel.
Fabrics which are of 24-36 inch width.
A type of fabric where the fibers are either cotton or blended man-made fibers.
A plain-weave shirting of good quality yarns that has two warp ends weaving as one.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The resulting opening of the weave when fabric lacks the tensile strength to prevent shifting at the seams. When you apply force, the yarns in the fabric slip to open up the weave, but not the seam...
A tape sewn along the front edge of a coat from top of the lapel to bottom of the facing. On less expensive coats, this tape starts at the bottom of the lapel (called the breakline). The tape is...
Made from wool, cotton, linen, silk, rayon, or synthetics. In a basket weave. Monk’s cloth is heavy due to its construction. It is difficult to sew or manipulate as the yarns have a tendency to...
A generic term for the process of making a Quilt from beginning to end. Or the actual act of sewing the layers of a quilt together, either by hand or by machine. Also refers to the finished lines of...
Uneven absorbtion of wood stain due to changing directions of the wood grain at the surface. Some woods such as pine, cherry and maple are prone to blotch. This is sometimes confused with "figure"...

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