What is "Oxford" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 22-Apr-2023 (1 year, 1 month, 6 days ago)
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Unraveling Oxford: The Timeless Charm of Basket-Weave Fabrics

Oxford in Textile: Unraveling the Fabric's History, Types, and Handling Tips


Oxford is a versatile fabric widely used in the textile industry, known for its distinctive basket-weave pattern and exceptional durability. This article takes a deep dive into the meaning, types, history, and handling tips of Oxford fabric. Additionally, we'll explore the profiles of top international users and manufacturers, shedding light on the global impact of this remarkable textile.

The Origin and History of Oxford Fabric

Oxford fabric has its roots in the mid-19th century in Scotland, where it was initially produced as a variation of plain or basket-weave fabrics. Its name is derived from the prestigious Oxford University, as it gained popularity among students and professors for its robustness and refined appearance. Over time, Oxford fabric transcended academic circles and found its way into mainstream fashion, becoming a timeless and classic choice for various garments and accessories.

Types of Oxford Fabric

Oxford fabric is available in different variations, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Traditional Oxford: Also known as "Pinpoint Oxford," this fabric features a smaller basket-weave pattern, resulting in a finer texture. It is commonly used for formal shirts, adding an elegant touch to professional attire.
  2. Pinpoint Oxford: Similar to traditional Oxford, pinpoint Oxford has a tighter weave, making it even more refined and suitable for dress shirts and high-end garments.
  3. Basketweave Oxford: This type of Oxford fabric has a distinctive basket-like texture, achieved through a larger weave pattern. It is often used in casual shirts, giving them a relaxed and textured look.
  4. Cotton Oxford: Made from 100% cotton, this variant offers breathability, softness, and comfort. It is a popular choice for a wide range of garments, including shirts, blouses, and casual wear.
  5. Stretch Oxford: Incorporating a small percentage of spandex or elastane, stretch Oxford fabric provides added flexibility and comfort, making it ideal for garments that require ease of movement.

Tips for Handling Oxford Fabric

To ensure the longevity and optimal performance of garments made from Oxford fabric, consider the following tips:

  • Gentle Washing: Oxford fabric is typically machine washable, but it is recommended to use a gentle cycle and cold water to prevent excessive wear and color fading.
  • Ironing and Steaming: Iron the fabric on a medium heat setting while it is slightly damp or use a steamer to remove wrinkles effectively. Avoid using high heat, as it may damage the fabric.
  • Proper Storage: When not in use, hang garments made from Oxford fabric to allow them to breathe and prevent creasing. Avoid folding them for extended periods, as it may lead to permanent creases.
  • Avoid Harsh Chemicals: Oxford fabric is sensitive to harsh chemicals, so it is advisable to avoid bleach and strong detergents. Opt for mild, fabric-friendly cleaners instead.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Oxford fabric is widely used by renowned international brands in the textile industry. Here are some of the top users and manufacturers:

  1. Burberry: Known for its iconic trench coats, Burberry often utilizes Oxford fabric in its designs, showcasing the fabric's timeless appeal and durability.
  2. Ralph Lauren: This esteemed fashion brand incorporates Oxford fabric into its classic shirts, capturing the essence of sophistication and versatility.
  3. Brooks Brothers: Renowned for its traditional and high-quality menswear, Brooks Brothers incorporates Oxford fabric in its dress shirts, embodying timeless elegance.
  4. Tommy Hilfiger: Tommy Hilfiger infuses Oxford fabric into its preppy and casual collections, adding a touch of sophistication to everyday apparel.
  5. Uniqlo: The popular Japanese brand offers Oxford shirts and other garments, focusing on simplicity, comfort, and affordability.


Oxford fabric holds a prominent place in the textile industry, embodying elegance, durability, and versatility. With its rich history, various types, and handling tips, Oxford fabric continues to be a favorite choice for both formal and casual garments. Its utilization by top international users and manufacturers underscores its global impact and enduring popularity. Whether it's a tailored dress shirt or a relaxed weekend outfit, Oxford fabric is sure to add a touch of sophistication and style.

Cotton, or sometimes rayon in a plain weave. Warp has two fine yarns which travel as one and one heavier softly-spun bulky filling which gives it a basket-weave look. Better qualities of oxford cotton are mercerized. It is a rather heavy fabric that is usually all white but some has a spaced stripe in the warp direction. Oxford launders very well but soils easily. When made with yarn dyed warp and white weft, it is called oxford chambray. The one remaining commercial shirting material made originally by a Scotch mill which bore the names of four Universities - Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, and Yale. Well known for men's shirts, but is also used for summer jackets, shirts, skirts, dresses, and sportswear.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A yarn composed of one or more filaments that run the whole length of the yarn. NOTE: Yarns of one filament and of more than one filament are known as monofilament and multi-filament yarns...
A slip is an undergarment worn under clothing if it is sheer or to prevent clinging. A half-slip serves the same purpose as a full slip but it is cut like a skirt, whereas a full slip is cut like a...
Sateen 78
Cotton, some also made in rayon. Sateen, 5-harness, filling-face weave. Lustrous and smooth with the sheen in a filling direction. Carded or combed yarns are used. Better qualities are mercerized to...
Coated 67
refers to the application of material such as plastic resin, wax, oil, varnish or lacquer to the surface of the fabric. Application methods include dipping, spraying, brushing, calendering or knife...
Seam 44
(book/booking) The raw edge hem done on a blindstitch machine, usually sewn in the side ans back seam outlets, and on the bottom turn-up. (french)- A closure between two pieces of material, made by...

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