What is "Patka" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 28-May-2023 (3 months, 27 days ago)
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Patka is a term used in the textile industry to refer to a traditional head covering or scarf worn by men, particularly in South Asian cultures. It is an essential component of traditional attire and holds cultural and religious significance in many communities. This article explores the meaning, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers of Patka.

Meaning and Definition

Patka, also known as Parna or Pagri, is a rectangular or square piece of fabric that is tied around the head to cover the crown and provide protection or adornment. It is commonly made of cotton or silk and often features intricate patterns, embroidery, or prints that reflect the wearer's cultural heritage and personal style.

Patka serves multiple purposes depending on the context and cultural traditions. It can be worn as a fashion accessory, symbol of religious or social affiliation, or as a practical head covering to protect the hair and scalp from the sun, dust, or cold weather.

Types of Patka

There are various types of Patka, each with its distinct characteristics and cultural significance. Some popular types include:

  1. Keski: A small square-shaped Patka worn by Sikh men as an under-turban. It is usually made of cotton and serves as a base to secure the larger turban on top.
  2. Bandhani: A Patka known for its tie-dye technique, prevalent in the regions of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India. It features vibrant colors and intricate patterns.
  3. Pheta: A traditional Marathi Patka worn by men during festive occasions in Maharashtra, India. It is typically made of silk and showcases rich golden or silver borders.
  4. Pagri: A turban-like Patka often worn by men in Punjab, Pakistan, and India. It is usually made of cotton or silk and can be plain or intricately embroidered.

Tips for Handling Patka

Handling Patka requires care and attention to maintain its appearance and cultural significance:

  • Washing: Follow the fabric's care instructions for washing and avoid using harsh detergents or bleach that could damage the delicate fibers or colors.
  • Ironing: Use a low-heat setting and iron the Patka gently to avoid scorching the fabric or damaging any embellishments.
  • Storage: Store Patka in a clean, dry place to prevent it from getting wrinkled, dusty, or exposed to moisture or pests.
  • Respecting Cultural Significance: When handling Patka, be mindful of its cultural and religious significance. Treat it with reverence and avoid using it inappropriately or disrespectfully.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

While Patka is primarily associated with South Asian cultures, its popularity has transcended borders, and there are international users and manufacturers that value and incorporate Patka into their collections:

  1. Gucci: The renowned luxury brand Gucci has featured Patka-inspired designs in its fashion collections, showcasing the cultural significance of this traditional head covering.
  2. Manish Malhotra: A celebrated Indian fashion designer, Manish Malhotra has incorporated Patka-inspired elements in his creations, blending traditional motifs with contemporary aesthetics.
  3. Sabyasachi: Another prominent Indian designer, Sabyasachi Mukherjee, has showcased Patka-inspired textiles in his collections, reviving and celebrating traditional craftsmanship.
  4. Satya Paul: Satya Paul, an Indian fashion brand, has incorporated Patka motifs and designs into its scarves and accessories, offering a modern twist on this traditional head covering.
  5. Zara: The global fashion retailer Zara has occasionally featured Patka-inspired prints in its collections, showcasing the influence and appeal of this cultural textile.


Patka is a traditional head covering worn by men in South Asian cultures. It holds cultural and religious significance and comes in various types, each representing distinct regional styles and traditions. Handling Patka requires care and respect for its cultural importance. While primarily associated with South Asian cultures, international fashion brands and designers have also embraced Patka-inspired designs, showcasing the global appeal and influence of this traditional textile.

A girdle or kamarband, worn usually over payjama (q.v.), and often very sumptuous and decorative.
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