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What is "Polyester" - Definition & Explanation

A synthetic fiber. Often blended with other fibers such as cotton to get best attributes of both.
A generic term for a manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is a long chain synthetic polymer composed of a complex ester.
A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, and is the most commonly used manufactured fiber worldwide. The fiber-forming substance in polyester is any longchain, synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of an ester of dihydric alcohol and terephthalic acid. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, has high abrasion resistance, and resists shrinking, stretching and wrinkles. Polyester's low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly. Polyester fabrics are used in apparel and home furnishings (i. e. bedspreads, bedsheets, draperies and curtains). Industrial polyesters are used in ropes, tire reinforcements, safety belts, and plastics. Polyester fiberfill is used as stuffing in cushions, comforters, and pillows.
Polyester is a synthetic fiber
A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, and is second only to cotton in worldwide use. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance. Low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly.
A manufactured fiber made from long-chain synthetic polymers. Characteristics: crease-resistance, quick-drying, great shape retention, high strength, abrasion resistance and easy care.
A man-made fiber, crisp and strong, excellent resistance to wear and sunlight. Most like natural cotton in its appearance and physical properties.
A Polymer Whose Repeating Units Contain Ester Linkages In The Main Chains Of The Macromolecules. , Note: Cross-linkable Polyesters Are Resin-forming And Linear Polyesters Are Fibre-forming.
A synthetic fiber used for it's strength and resistance to ultraviolet deterioration. It does not have the stretch and elasticity of nylon and, as a result, will often last longer
Manufactured fiber that is synthesized or made from chemicals. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent.
Synthetic fiber most often used in staple spun yarns.
This is both the name of a fabric and a fiber. A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, it is second only to cotton in worldwide use. Its ability to stretch and resist wrinkling makes it a popular fabric for lingerie.
A wrinkle resistant fabric made from synthetic resin.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A basic stitch used in weft knitting, in which each loop formed in the knit is identical. The jersey stitch is also called the plain, felt, or stockinet stitch. Jute - A bast fiber, chiefly from...
A tightly woven fabric made by using only long staple, combed wool or wool-blend yarns. The fabric has a hard, smooth surface. Gabardine is an example of a worsted fabric. A common end use is men's...
A term describing a jacquard fabric, a term interchangeable with a brocade or damask. Can be two-tone or multicolor, the difference being that the design has a greater raised effect on the face of...
A type of knit construction which utilizes a special yarn or a sliver that is interlooped into a standard knit base. This construction is used in the formation of imitation fur fabrics, in special...
Combining of two or more types of staple fibers in one yarn to achieve color mixtures such as heather, unusual dyeing variations, or better performance characteristics. Blends of natural and man-made...

Companies for Polyester:


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