What is "Quilting" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 07-Feb-2023 (1 year, 4 months, 17 days ago)
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Quilted Textiles: From Armor to Artform

Quilting is a textile technique that involves the process of stitching together multiple layers of fabric to create a padded material. It is characterized by intricate patterns and designs formed by the stitching, which can be both decorative and functional. Quilting has a rich history and has evolved into various styles and techniques, making it a versatile and cherished art form in the world of textiles.

Meaning and Definition

Quilting involves sandwiching three layers of fabric together—the quilt top, batting (padding), and backing—then stitching them together with intricate patterns. The stitching not only holds the layers together but also creates decorative designs, adding visual interest and texture to the finished quilt. The art of quilting can be traced back centuries and has been practiced by different cultures around the world, with each region contributing its own unique style and techniques.

Types of Quilting

There are several types of quilting techniques, each with its distinct characteristics and methods:

  1. Hand Quilting: Hand quilting involves stitching the layers together using a needle and thread by hand. It requires precision and patience, and the stitches are often small and evenly spaced, resulting in a traditional and heirloom-quality appearance.
  2. Machine Quilting: Machine quilting utilizes a sewing machine with specialized quilting features to stitch the layers together. This technique allows for faster and more precise stitching, making it a popular choice for both traditional and contemporary quilt designs.
  3. Longarm Quilting: Longarm quilting is performed using a longarm quilting machine, which features an extended sewing area. This technique is commonly used for large quilts, as it allows for easier maneuverability and the creation of complex quilting patterns.
  4. Free-Motion Quilting: Free-motion quilting involves stitching intricate designs by moving the fabric freely under the sewing machine's needle. This technique allows for artistic expression and creativity, with the quilter having full control over the stitching direction and patterns.

Tips for Handling Quilts

When working with quilts, it is important to handle them with care to preserve their beauty and integrity:

  1. Proper Storage: Store quilts in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent fading and damage. Fold them carefully or roll them on acid-free tissue paper to avoid creases and stress on the fabric.
  2. Regular Cleaning: Keep quilts clean by following the manufacturer's instructions for care. Gentle hand washing or professional cleaning may be required for delicate or antique quilts.
  3. Protection: Use quilt sleeves, covers, or acid-free tissue paper when storing or transporting quilts to protect them from dust, insects, and potential damage.
  4. Avoid Excessive Handling: Minimize unnecessary handling of quilts to prevent wear and tear. When displaying quilts, use proper quilt hanging techniques or quilt racks to distribute the weight evenly.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Quilting is embraced by numerous international users and manufacturers who appreciate the artistry and craftsmanship involved. Here are some top names in the quilting industry:

  1. Moda Fabrics: Moda Fabrics is a leading manufacturer and distributor of high-quality quilting fabrics, known for their extensive selection of prints and designs.
  2. Robert Kaufman: Robert Kaufman offers a wide range of quilting fabrics, including batiks, solids, and prints, catering to quilters of all styles and preferences.
  3. AccuQuilt: AccuQuilt specializes in fabric-cutting tools and equipment for quilters, providing precision and efficiency in the cutting process.
  4. Quilting Treasures: Quilting Treasures produces a variety of quilting fabrics, including licensed designs featuring popular characters, patterns, and themes.
  5. Janome: Janome manufactures sewing machines, including models specifically designed for quilting, with features such as a large work area and specialized quilting stitches.
  6. Eleanor Burns: Eleanor Burns is an acclaimed quilt designer and author, known for her instructional books and patterns that inspire quilters of all skill levels.

These companies represent a small portion of the diverse and vibrant quilting community, demonstrating the global popularity and appreciation for quilting as an art form and a cherished textile tradition.


Quilting is a timeless textile technique that involves stitching multiple layers of fabric together to create beautiful and functional works of art. With its rich history and various techniques, quilting offers endless creative possibilities for quilters around the world. Whether through hand quilting, machine quilting, or other methods, the artistry and craftsmanship of quilting continue to captivate and inspire textile enthusiasts, ensuring that this treasured tradition will endure for generations to come.

Two Or More Layers Of Fabric Which Have Been Stitched Through, Often With Batting . The Stitching Forms A Pattern, Most Commonly A Square Or Diamond Shape. Used For Apparel, Bedspreads, Sleeping Bags. Thermoplastic Fibers Such As Polyester Or Nylon Are Sometimes Quilted Without Thread By Using A Heat Bonding Method . The Heat Effectively Melts Or Welds The Fabric At The Point Of Application.
A generic term for the process of making a Quilt from beginning to end. Or the actual act of sewing the layers of a quilt together, either by hand or by machine. Also refers to the finished lines of sewn thread that make up the quilting design.

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