TextileGlossary.com

What is "Scouring" - Definition & Explanation

Scouring or bioscouring is the removal of wax (fatty acids, alcohols and esters), which is critical to improved wetability. The process removes pectin which functions as a glue binding wax to the fibre, and renders wax extractable and the cotton ready for dye or bleach.
The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
The treatment of textile materials in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.
NOTE:
The treatment required to produce a refined textile varies with the condition and type of fibre processed.
Cleaning raw wool or fiber and removing such impurities as dirt, sweat, and grease by washing with soaps and alkalies or with chemicals.
The washing process of fabric or yarn to remove dirt or grease.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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a) A process that follows the addition of a finish to a textile fabric and in which appropriate conditions are used to effect a chemical reaction. NOTE: Heat treatment for several minutes is...

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