What is "Weft" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 05-Mar-2023 (1 year, 2 months, 23 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
In textile manufacturing, "weft" refers to the yarn or thread that is interlaced horizontally across the width of the fabric during the weaving process. It is one of the two primary components of woven fabrics, with the other being the "warp," which runs vertically and provides the foundation for the fabric structure.

The weft yarn is inserted through the warp threads by a weaving device, such as a shuttle, rapier, air jet, or water jet, depending on the specific weaving technique employed. The weft yarn passes over and under the warp threads, forming a pattern of interlacing that creates the fabric. The weft yarns are responsible for giving the fabric its horizontal strength and stability.

Weft yarns come in various materials, including cotton, silk, wool, linen, synthetic fibers, and blends. The choice of weft yarn can greatly influence the characteristics of the fabric, such as its drape, texture, breathability, and durability. Weft yarns can be single-colored or multi-colored, which can create different visual effects and patterns in the finished fabric.

The selection of weft yarns is often influenced by the desired properties and aesthetic of the fabric. For example, if a soft and breathable fabric is desired, natural fibers like cotton or silk may be used as the weft. On the other hand, synthetic fibers like polyester or nylon can be chosen for their strength, durability, and easy care properties. Some fabrics may also use specialized or novelty yarns as the weft to create unique textures or visual effects.

The top users and manufacturers of weft-based textiles are numerous and span various sectors of the industry. Fashion brands and apparel manufacturers are major users of woven fabrics and thus rely on weft-based textiles for their garments. Luxury fashion houses, such as Chanel, Gucci, and Hermès, often employ high-quality weft fabrics in their collections to achieve superior drape and aesthetics.

Textile mills specializing in weaving are also prominent manufacturers of weft-based textiles. These mills possess advanced looms and equipment to produce a wide range of fabrics, including those used in clothing, home textiles, upholstery, and industrial applications. Some notable weaving mills include Albini Group, Tessitura Monti, and Premier Textiles.

In addition, the automotive industry utilizes weft textiles extensively for vehicle interiors, such as seat covers and upholstery. Companies like Adient and Lear Corporation are prominent manufacturers in this sector, relying on weft fabrics that offer durability, comfort, and aesthetics suitable for automotive applications.

Another significant user of weft-based textiles is the home furnishing industry. Manufacturers of curtains, upholstery fabrics, beddings, and other household textiles rely on weft fabrics to create desirable designs, patterns, and textures for interior decoration. Companies like Kravet Inc., Waverly, and Sanderson are recognized for their exquisite weft fabrics used in home furnishings.

It's worth mentioning that digital printing technology has revolutionized the world of textiles, enabling intricate designs and patterns to be printed directly on the weft yarns before or after weaving. This innovation has opened up new possibilities for customization and fast turnaround times in the production of weft-based textiles.

In conclusion, weft is a crucial component in the weaving process of textiles, providing horizontal strength and interlacing patterns in woven fabrics. It is used by a wide range of industries, including fashion, home furnishings, automotive, and more. The choice of weft yarns and weaving techniques greatly influences the properties and aesthetics of the finished fabric. Prominent manufacturers and users of weft-based textiles include luxury fashion brands, textile mills, automotive companies, and home furnishing manufacturers.
Knit - A type of knitted fabric in which yarns are formed into stitches in widthwise manner. Common examples of weft knits are circular knits and flat knits.
Knit - The most common type of knit formed by interlocking loops in the widthwise direction. Weft knit tend to have more stretch than warp knits. Examples are interlock, jerseys, double knits, rib knits.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A weft double knit fabric in which a Jacquard type of mechanism is used. This device individually controls needles or small groups of needles, and allows very complex and highly patterned knits to be...
Union Cloth is a type of textile fabric that holds historical significance and is known for its durability, strength, and versatility. It gained prominence during the Industrial Revolution in the...
Undergarments, also called underwear or sometimes intimate clothing, are clothes worn next to the skin, usually under other clothes. Wearing and changing underwear permits outer garments to be worn...
Refers to any type of wind-resistant jacket worn when skiing. The conventional type zips in front and may be made of nylon, wool, fur or quilted fabric. Frequently it has an attached hood. Usually...
Fabric length in textile refers to the measurement of the linear extent of a piece of fabric, typically expressed in meters or yards. It is a fundamental aspect of textile production and plays a...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Weft:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Weft, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap