What is "Seam" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 30-Jan-2023 (9 months, 30 days ago)
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Seam Secrets: Unveiling the Thread that Holds Fashion Together

The Seam in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and Explanation

In the world of textiles, the seam is an essential element that plays a significant role in garment construction. A seam refers to the line where two or more pieces of fabric are stitched together to create a finished product. This article provides an in-depth understanding of seams, including their history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The concept of joining fabric pieces together to create garments dates back centuries. Initially, seams were hand-stitched using simple techniques like the running stitch or whip stitch. As time progressed, advancements in technology and sewing machines revolutionized the seam construction process.

Types of Seams

Seams come in various forms, each offering different functionalities and aesthetic appearances. Here are some commonly used seam types:

  1. Plain Seam: Also known as a flat seam, it is the simplest type of seam where two fabric pieces are stitched together, aligning the edges.
  2. French Seam: This type of seam provides a clean finish by enclosing the raw edges within the seam itself. It is often used in delicate fabrics.
  3. Bound Seam: In a bound seam, the raw edges of the fabric are covered with binding tape or fabric strips, offering both durability and a decorative touch.
  4. Overlock Seam: An overlock seam is created using a serger machine, which trims the raw edges and sews a stitch simultaneously, preventing fraying.
  5. Flat-Felled Seam: Commonly found in denim jeans, this seam is created by folding one fabric edge over the other and sewing them together, providing strength and durability.

Tips for Handling Seams

Proper handling of seams is crucial to ensure the longevity and quality of garments. Here are some helpful tips:

  • Choosing the Right Seam Type: Consider the fabric type, garment design, and intended use when selecting the appropriate seam type for optimal functionality.
  • Accurate Seam Allowances: Consistently maintain the correct seam allowance throughout the construction process to ensure precise and uniform seams.
  • Seam Finishing: Depending on the fabric's characteristics, finishing raw seam edges using techniques like serging, zigzag stitching, or binding will prevent fraying.
  • Pressing and Ironing: Properly pressing seams using an iron can enhance the overall appearance and flatten any puckering or wrinkles.
  • Reinforcing Stress Points: For areas prone to strain or stress, such as pocket openings or crotch seams, reinforce the seams with additional stitching or bartacks.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Seams are integral to the textile industry, and numerous international brands rely on high-quality seam construction for their garments. Here are some top users and manufacturers:

  1. Zara: Zara, a globally recognized fast-fashion brand, prioritizes meticulous seam construction to ensure the durability and aesthetic appeal of their garments.
  2. Levi Strauss & Co.: Levi's, known for their iconic denim jeans, emphasizes strong and durable seams to withstand the rigors of daily wear.
  3. Adidas: As a leading sportswear brand, Adidas places great importance on well-constructed seams to provide comfort, flexibility, and longevity in their athletic apparel.
  4. Prada: Prada, a luxury fashion house, focuses on precision and craftsmanship in seam construction to deliver impeccable and sophisticated garments.
  5. Patagonia: Patagonia, an outdoor clothing company, relies on robust seam construction techniques to create garments that can withstand harsh weather conditions and rugged activities.


The seam is an essential aspect of textile construction, playing a pivotal role in creating durable and visually appealing garments. Understanding the history, types, and tips for handling seams provides valuable insights for professionals in the textile industry. By exploring the profiles of top international users and manufacturers, we can appreciate the significance of well-constructed seams in delivering high-quality garments to consumers around the world.

The place or act of joining two pieces (or more) of fabric together by sewing.
(book/booking) The raw edge hem done on a blindstitch machine, usually sewn in the side ans back seam outlets, and on the bottom turn-up. (french)- A closure between two pieces of material, made by stitching,turning, and restitching, so as to conceal all raw edges.
(raised) - A seam resulting after two pieces of fabric have been joined; one piece is folded back, and a second row of stitching is placed adjacent to the folded edge.
(book/booking) - The raw edge hem done on a blindstitch machine, usually sewn in the side ans back seam outlets, and on the bottom turn-up.
(open gorge) - Both the collar and the facing are turned under, basted, and then the seam is felled (edges folded together) from the outside.
(french) - A closure between two pieces of material, made by stitching,turning, and restitching, so as to conceal all raw edges.
A seam, in sewing, is the line where two pieces of fabric are held together by thread.

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