What is "Selvage" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 30-May-2023 (1 year ago)
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Allure of Selvedge Fabric: Exploring Beyond the Fray

Selvage in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and Explanation

Selvage, also known as selvedge or self-edge, is a crucial element in textile production that refers to the self-finished edges of a fabric. It plays a significant role in enhancing the durability, aesthetics, and functionality of textiles. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of selvage, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The concept of selvage dates back centuries, originating from the earliest forms of handloom weaving. Traditionally, the selvage was formed by the weft threads looping back at the edge of the fabric, creating a self-finished edge that prevented unraveling and fraying. Over time, advancements in textile machinery and techniques have influenced the formation of selvage, leading to various types used today.

Types of Selvage

Several types of selvage exist, each offering distinct characteristics and applications:

  1. Woven Selvage: Woven selvage is formed by using a specialized weaving technique that creates a dense and tightly woven edge. It is commonly seen in denim fabrics and other heavy-duty textiles.
  2. Tape Selvage: Tape selvage involves attaching a separate tape to the fabric's edge, either through stitching or bonding. This type of selvage is commonly used in lightweight and delicate fabrics.
  3. Fringed Selvage: Fringed selvage is characterized by the intentional fraying of the fabric's edge. It is often seen in decorative textiles and adds a unique and textured element to the design.

Tips for Handling Selvage

To ensure optimal handling and utilization of selvage, the following tips should be considered:

  • Careful Cutting: When working with selvage fabrics, it is essential to cut the fabric with precision, taking into account the selvage edge and its intended use in the final product.
  • Seam Allowance Adjustment: Seam allowances may need to be adjusted when working with selvage fabrics to accommodate the thickness or bulkiness of the selvage edge.
  • Reinforcement: As selvage edges are typically more tightly woven or reinforced, they can be used strategically in areas of the garment or textile that require additional strength or stability.
  • Design Considerations: Selvage can be utilized as a design element in garments or textiles, either by featuring it prominently or incorporating it subtly into the overall design aesthetic.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Selvage fabrics have gained popularity among various international brands and manufacturers in the textile industry. Here are some of the top users and manufacturers:

  1. The White Briefs: The White Briefs is a Swedish clothing brand known for its high-quality organic cotton underwear and loungewear. They utilize selvage fabrics in their products, emphasizing durability and sustainability.
  2. Taylor Stitch: Taylor Stitch, based in California, specializes in producing menswear using selvedge denim fabrics. Their focus on quality craftsmanship and timeless designs has garnered a loyal customer base.
  3. Kapital: Kapital is a Japanese brand renowned for its distinctive aesthetic and use of vintage-inspired textiles. They often incorporate selvage fabrics in their denim and workwear-inspired collections.
  4. Imogene + Willie: Imogene + Willie is a Nashville-based brand celebrated for its premium denim jeans. They prioritize using selvage denim from renowned mills to create timeless and durable garments.
  5. 3sixteen: 3sixteen is a New York-based brand specializing in denim and workwear-inspired apparel. They collaborate with esteemed mills to develop unique selvage denim fabrics for their collections.


Selvage, with its historical significance and functional characteristics, plays a vital role in the world of textiles. From its origins in handloom weaving to the modern production techniques, selvage continues to inspire designers and manufacturers worldwide. Understanding the different types of selvage, along with tips for handling and the profiles of top international users and manufacturers, provides a comprehensive overview of this essential textile element.

Selvage or Selvedge
The outer edge of both sides of a woven fabric where the weft turns to go back across and through the warp. This is a stiffer and denser woven area of about 1/3-1/2 inch and is usually trimmed off and not sewn into a quilt.

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