What is "Cashmere" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 19-Feb-2023 (1 year, 3 months, 9 days ago)
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Cashmere: The Luxurious Fiber Transcending Time

A Touch of Elegance: Unveiling the Exquisite World of Cashmere


Cashmere, the epitome of luxury in the textile industry, is a fiber that has captivated the hearts of connoisseurs for centuries. Known for its exceptional softness, warmth, and exquisite quality, cashmere has become synonymous with elegance and sophistication. This article unravels the fascinating story behind cashmere, explores its different types, provides valuable tips for handling this precious fiber, and delves into the world of top international users and manufacturers.

A Brief History and Origin

The origins of cashmere trace back to the harsh mountainous regions of Central Asia, where the undercoat of the cashmere goat became a treasured resource for nomadic herders. The luxurious fiber gained prominence in the 13th century when Marco Polo introduced it to the Western world, captivating European royalty and nobility with its unmatched softness and warmth.

Types of Cashmere

Cashmere can vary in quality and origin, contributing to its diverse range of types:

  1. Mongolian Cashmere: Hailing from the steppes of Mongolia, this type of cashmere is renowned for its long, fine fibers that offer exceptional softness and warmth. Mongolian cashmere is highly coveted for its superior quality and natural insulation properties.
  2. Chinese Cashmere: China is a significant producer of cashmere, known for its sustainable farming practices and fine fiber diameter. Chinese cashmere is prized for its versatility, making it a popular choice for a wide range of luxurious garments and accessories.
  3. Scottish Cashmere: Scotland has a rich heritage in cashmere production, renowned for its traditional craftsmanship and attention to detail. Scottish cashmere is cherished for its exceptional quality, durability, and timeless elegance.
  4. Italian Cashmere: Italy is celebrated for its fine textile traditions, and Italian cashmere is no exception. Italian artisans produce cashmere fabrics of unparalleled beauty and refinement, often incorporating innovative design elements.

Tips for Handling Cashmere

Preserving the exquisite quality of cashmere requires careful handling and maintenance:

  • Washing: Hand washing cashmere garments in cold water with a gentle detergent is recommended to maintain their softness and shape. Avoid twisting or wringing the fabric and instead gently squeeze out excess water.
  • Drying: Lay cashmere items flat on a clean towel to air dry, away from direct sunlight or heat sources. Reshape the garment while damp to retain its original form.
  • Storage: Store cashmere items in a cool, dry place, preferably folded in tissue paper or a breathable fabric bag to protect them from dust and moths. Avoid hanging cashmere, as it may stretch the fibers.
  • Pilling: Cashmere may develop tiny balls of fiber known as pills. Remove pills gently using a cashmere comb or a fabric shaver, taking care not to damage the fabric.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Cashmere is embraced by renowned international brands for its unparalleled luxury and timeless appeal:

  1. Loro Piana: Loro Piana, an Italian brand with a legacy spanning over two centuries, is renowned for its impeccable cashmere craftsmanship. They source the finest cashmere fibers globally, employing traditional techniques to create exquisite garments and accessories.
  2. Brunello Cucinelli: Brunello Cucinelli, an Italian fashion house, is synonymous with contemporary elegance and ethical practices. They prioritize sustainable sourcing and expert craftsmanship to produce luxurious cashmere creations.
  3. Johnstons of Elgin: Founded in Scotland in 1797, Johnstons of Elgin is a revered brand specializing in cashmere and fine woollen products. They combine traditional manufacturing methods with innovative designs to create exceptional cashmere pieces.
  4. Naadam: Naadam, a brand inspired by Mongolia's nomadic heritage, is committed to ethical and sustainable cashmere production. They work directly with herders, ensuring fair trade practices and offering beautifully crafted cashmere essentials.


Cashmere, with its rich history, exceptional qualities, and meticulous craftsmanship, continues to reign as the epitome of luxury in the textile world. Whether it's the soft embrace of a cashmere sweater or the timeless elegance of a cashmere scarf, this exquisite fiber is a testament to the artistry and dedication of those who cherish its beauty. By understanding the origins, types, and proper handling of cashmere, one can truly appreciate its timeless allure and indulge in the unparalleled luxury it offers.

(Kashmir)A luxury fiber obtained from the soft, fleecy undergrowth of the Kashmir goat of Tibet, Mongolia, China, Iran, Iraq, and India. Most commonly used in sweaters, shawls, suits, coats, and dresses. The fiber is cylindrical, soft and silken and is more like wool than any other hair fiber. Has a very soft silky finish and is very light in weight. It doesn't stand up to hard wear because of its extremely soft downy finish. The natural fiber is white, black, brown or gray but can be died a variety of shades. It comes in different weights.
An extremely soft, luxurious fabric made from the hair of the cashmere goat - native to Kashmir in northwestern India, Tibet, Turkestan, Iran, Iraq and China. Cashmere is obtained from the animal by combing rather than clipping. Cashmere is more like wool than any other fiber.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Blush 680
Blush is a term widely used in the textile industry to describe a delicate and subtle shade of pink that resembles the natural flush of a person's cheeks when they experience a light blush. In the...
A manufactured fiber, which, like acetate, is made by modifying cellulose. Tri-acetate is less absorbent and less sensitive to high temperatures than acetate. It can be hand or machine washed and...
The potential shrinkage that remains in a fibre, yarn or fabric after treatment designed to reduce or eliminate shrinkage. NOTE: The expression is commonly used with reference to heat-shrinkage...
Wickability is a term used in the textile industry to describe the ability of a fabric to quickly and efficiently transport moisture away from the skin. This is achieved through capillary action,...
Balbriggan is a type of knit fabric that is known for its softness, breathability, and excellent moisture-wicking properties. It is made from a blend of cotton and synthetic fibers, such as polyester...

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