Serge is a type of twill fabric that is characterized by its distinct diagonal pattern. The word "serge" comes from the Latin word "serica," which means "silk," reflecting the fabric's historical association with luxury textiles.
Serge fabric is created by weaving yarns in a twill pattern, which creates a diagonal pattern on the surface of the fabric. The diagonal pattern is created by the weft yarns passing over one or more warp yarns before going under two or more warp yarns. This creates a series of diagonal lines on the surface of the fabric, which gives serge its characteristic appearance.
Serge fabric is known for its durability and strength, making it a popular choice for military uniforms, workwear, and outdoor clothing. The fabric's tight weave also makes it resistant to wrinkles and creases, which makes it a popular choice for suits and other formalwear.
Serge fabric can be made from a variety of fibers, including wool, cotton, silk, and synthetic materials such as polyester. Wool serge is particularly popular for its durability and warmth, and is often used to make military uniforms and heavy winter coats.
Serge fabric can be finished in a variety of ways to enhance its properties. For example, it can be treated with water-repellent coatings to make it more resistant to moisture and stains. It can also be brushed or sanded to create a softer, more luxurious texture.
Serge fabric is available in a variety of colors and patterns, including solid colors, stripes, and plaids. The fabric's diagonal pattern can be used to create interesting visual effects, such as chevrons or herringbone patterns.
In addition to clothing, serge fabric is also used for home decor items such as upholstery, curtains, and bedding. The fabric's durability and resistance to wrinkles and creases make it a popular choice for these applications.
One of the disadvantages of serge fabric is that it can be prone to shrinking and pilling. To minimize these issues, it is important to follow the manufacturer's care instructions carefully and avoid subjecting the fabric to excessive heat or rough handling.
In summary, serge is a durable and versatile fabric that is characterized by its diagonal pattern. It is commonly used for military uniforms, workwear, and formalwear, as well as for home decor items. The fabric's strength and resistance to wrinkles and creases make it a popular choice for a wide range of applications.
Serge is a type of twill fabric that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down weave. The worsted variety is used in making military uniforms, suits, great and trench coats. Its counterpart, silk serge, is used for linings. French serge is a softer, finer variety. The word is also used for a high quality woolen woven.