What is "Finish oil" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 17-May-2023 (11 months, 5 days ago)
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Finish oil

Finish oil plays a crucial role in the textile industry as a vital component of the finishing process. It enhances the performance, appearance, and durability of textile products. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of finish oil, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The use of finish oil in textiles can be traced back to ancient civilizations. Historical evidence suggests that early civilizations, such as the Egyptians and the Romans, employed various plant and animal oils to treat and protect textiles. Over time, with advancements in technology and the understanding of textile chemistry, the formulation and application of finish oils have evolved.

Types of Finish Oil

Finish oils are available in various types, each tailored to specific textile characteristics and desired outcomes:

  1. Mineral Oil: Mineral oil, derived from petroleum, is a commonly used finish oil. It provides lubrication, softness, and water repellency to textile fibers, making it suitable for applications such as outerwear, raincoats, and upholstery.
  2. Silicone Oil: Silicone oil offers excellent heat resistance, smoothness, and anti-static properties. It is widely used in the textile industry for finishing synthetic fibers and improving their handfeel and drapability.
  3. Vegetable Oil: Vegetable oils, derived from plants such as soybean, sunflower, or palm, are natural alternatives to synthetic finish oils. They are eco-friendly options that provide softness and moisture management properties to textiles.
  4. Specialty Finish Oils: Specialty finish oils encompass a range of specialized formulations, such as flame retardant oils, antimicrobial oils, and UV protective oils. These oils offer specific functionalities to meet the requirements of various industries and applications.

Tips for Handling Finish Oil

Proper handling of finish oil is essential to ensure optimal results and maintain safety standards. Here are some tips to consider:

  • Follow Manufacturer's Instructions: Always adhere to the guidelines provided by the manufacturer regarding the application and usage of specific finish oils.
  • Test on Sample Fabrics: Before applying finish oil to the entire textile product, conduct tests on small fabric samples to evaluate the compatibility and desired effects.
  • Ensure Proper Mixing and Dilution: If instructed, dilute the finish oil with suitable solvents or emulsions according to the recommended ratios for effective application.
  • Apply Evenly and Consistently: Use appropriate techniques, such as spraying, padding, or exhaust application, to ensure the finish oil is evenly distributed across the textile surface.
  • Consider Environmental Impact: Dispose of finish oil waste responsibly and follow local environmental regulations to minimize negative environmental impact.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Finish oil is widely used by various international textile brands and manufacturers. Here are some of the top users and manufacturers:

  1. Clariant International Ltd.: Clariant is a global specialty chemicals company that produces a wide range of textile finishing chemicals, including finish oils. Their innovative solutions cater to diverse textile applications and meet industry standards.
  2. Archroma: Archroma is a leading provider of specialty chemicals for the textile, paper, and emulsion industries. They offer a comprehensive portfolio of finish oils that enhance the performance and aesthetics of textile products.
  3. BASF SE: BASF is a renowned multinational company that manufactures a broad range of chemicals, including finish oils for textiles. Their high-quality products are used by textile manufacturers worldwide.
  4. Huntsman Corporation: Huntsman is a global manufacturer and marketer of specialty chemicals. They offer a wide range of finish oils, tailored to different textile applications, delivering functional and aesthetic benefits.
  5. DyStar Group: DyStar is a leading provider of dyes, chemicals, and services for the textile industry. Their comprehensive range of finish oils contributes to the overall performance and sustainability of textile products.


Finish oil plays a vital role in the textile industry, enhancing the functionality, appearance, and durability of textile products. With a rich history and a wide range of types, finish oils offer diverse options for textile manufacturers to achieve specific effects and meet consumer demands. By following proper handling techniques and considering the tips mentioned, textile professionals can ensure optimal results while maintaining safety and environmental standards. The top international users and manufacturers of finish oil continue to drive innovation in the industry, offering high-quality products that meet the ever-evolving needs of the advanced textile market.

Finish oil
Oil that is put on a yarn, either flat or textured, to reduce friction during subsequent processing stages.

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