What is "Shantung" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 22-Apr-2023 (11 months, 25 days ago)
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Shantung is a type of fabric that holds a rich history and a unique place in the textile industry. Known for its distinctive texture and elegant appearance, Shantung has captivated the hearts of fashion enthusiasts and designers around the world. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of Shantung, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The story of Shantung dates back centuries, originating in the Shandong province of China. This region was renowned for its production of silk, and the fabric derived its name from the place of its origin. Shantung silk gained prominence during the Tang Dynasty and was highly prized for its luxurious feel and exquisite sheen.

Types of Shantung

Shantung fabric comes in various forms, each offering unique characteristics:

  1. Silk Shantung: The traditional and most sought-after form of Shantung is made from silk fibers. It is known for its natural luster, textured appearance, and crisp drape. Silk Shantung is often used in high-end fashion garments and formal wear.
  2. Polyester Shantung: As an affordable alternative to silk, polyester Shantung provides similar texture and appearance. It offers durability, wrinkle resistance, and ease of care, making it suitable for both apparel and home decor applications.
  3. Blended Shantung: Blends of silk with other fibers, such as cotton or synthetic materials, create a hybrid version of Shantung. These blends combine the luxurious feel of silk with enhanced durability and affordability.

Tips for Handling Shantung

Proper handling and care are essential to maintain the beauty and longevity of Shantung fabric:

  • Handwashing: Due to its delicate nature, handwashing is often recommended for Shantung fabrics. Use mild detergent and lukewarm water, and avoid scrubbing or twisting the fabric.
  • Ironing: Shantung has a tendency to wrinkle, so it is important to iron it carefully. Set the iron to a low temperature and use a pressing cloth to protect the fabric's surface.
  • Storage: To prevent damage, store Shantung garments or fabrics in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Avoid hanging them, as this can cause stretching and distortion.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Shantung fabric is highly regarded by renowned fashion designers, luxury brands, and manufacturers worldwide. Here are some of the top international users and manufacturers:

  1. Giorgio Armani: The Italian fashion house is known for its exquisite creations using various fabrics, including Shantung. Armani has incorporated Shantung in their collections, showcasing the fabric's elegance and versatility.
  2. Chanel: The iconic French brand has utilized Shantung in their haute couture and ready-to-wear lines, exemplifying its ability to create timeless and sophisticated garments.
  3. Oscar de la Renta: This renowned fashion designer has frequently incorporated Shantung in his collections, showcasing its ability to add texture, depth, and richness to his designs.
  4. Jim Thompson: As a leading manufacturer of luxury textiles, Jim Thompson has produced exceptional Shantung fabrics, combining traditional craftsmanship with contemporary designs.


Shantung fabric holds a significant place in the textile industry, with its origins rooted in Chinese silk production. Whether made from silk or synthetic fibers, Shantung offers a unique texture, luxurious appearance, and versatility. By following proper handling tips, individuals can ensure the longevity and beauty of Shantung garments. The fabric continues to inspire renowned designers and fashion houses globally, solidifying its position as a symbol of elegance and timeless style.

A medium-weight, plain-weave fabric in cotton, silk, rayon or synthetics, characterized by a ribbed effect, resulting from slubbed yarns used in the warp or filling direction. End-uses include dresses and suits. It is a raw silk made from Tussah silk or silk waste, depending on the quality. It is quite similar to pongee, but has a more irregular surface, heavier, and rougher. Most of the slubs are in the filling direction. It wrinkles easily and abundantly. Underlining helps to prevent this as well as slipping at the seams. Do not fit too tightly, if long wear is expected. Comes in various weights, colors and also printed.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

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Lay 574
In the textile industry, the term "lay" refers to the process of spreading and arranging fabric or material in preparation for cutting and sewing. It involves laying out the fabric in a specific...
A shuttle in weaving is a device used with a loom that is thrown or passed back and forth between the threads of the warp in order to weave in the weft or woof. Shuttles are often made of flowering...
Abdig 423
The term "abdig" refers to a type of fabric in the textile industry. It is a plain weave dress fabric that is commonly made with a cotton warp and a wool filling. Plain weave is one of the...
Pleats 62
Pleats allow fabric to be fitted in one area and fuller in another area, but they also cause fullness at the end of the pleat. A pleat is made by folding the fabric, and stitching a straight line at...

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