What is "Textile" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 15-Apr-2023 (1 year ago)
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The Ultimate Textile Guide: Types, Care Tips, and Global Industry Giants

The Fascinating World of Textile

Textile, a term that encompasses a wide range of fabrics and materials, is a fundamental aspect of our everyday lives. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the meaning, history, types, and handling tips associated with textile. Additionally, we will highlight some of the top international users and manufacturers of textile, providing insights into their profiles and websites.

Definition and Origin

Textile refers to any material or fabric that is woven, knitted, or otherwise constructed from fibers. These fibers can be natural, such as cotton, silk, or wool, or synthetic, including polyester, nylon, and rayon. The word "textile" is derived from the Latin word "textilis," meaning "woven."

History and Evolution

The history of textiles dates back thousands of years. Ancient civilizations, such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Chinese, developed intricate techniques for producing fabrics. Initially, textiles were created by hand using simple tools like needles and looms. The advent of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century revolutionized the textile industry, leading to the introduction of mechanized processes and the rise of textile mills.

Types of Textile

Textiles can be categorized into various types based on their composition, construction, and intended use. Some common types of textile include:

  • Cotton: A soft, breathable fabric derived from the fibers of the cotton plant.
  • Silk: A luxurious fabric produced by silkworms, known for its lustrous appearance and smooth texture.
  • Wool: A natural fiber obtained from sheep, known for its warmth and insulation properties.
  • Polyester: A synthetic fabric that is durable, wrinkle-resistant, and widely used in various applications.
  • Nylon: Another synthetic fabric known for its strength, elasticity, and resistance to abrasion.
  • Rayon: A semi-synthetic fabric made from cellulose fibers, offering a silky feel and drape.

Tips for Handling Textile

To ensure the longevity and proper care of textile products, consider the following handling tips:

  1. Read Care Labels: Pay attention to the care instructions provided on the product labels and follow them accordingly.
  2. Separate Colors: Sort your textiles based on color to prevent bleeding or color transfer during washing.
  3. Gentle Washing: Use a gentle cycle or handwash delicate textiles to avoid damage.
  4. Proper Storage: Store textiles in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent fading or deterioration.
  5. Ironing and Steaming: Follow the recommended temperature settings while ironing or steaming textiles to avoid scorching or melting.

Top International Users and Manufacturers of Textile

Several renowned international users and manufacturers dominate the textile industry. Here are some noteworthy companies:

  1. Walmart: Walmart, a multinational retail corporation, sources and sells a wide range of textile products through its extensive supply chain.
  2. Zara: Zara, a prominent fashion retailer, offers trendy clothing and accessories made from various textiles.
  3. Levi Strauss & Co.: Levi's, a renowned denim brand, manufactures jeans and other apparel using high-quality textile materials.
  4. Adidas: Adidas, a leading sportswear brand, utilizes innovative textiles in the production of performance-driven athletic apparel and footwear.
  5. IKEA: IKEA, a well-known furniture and home goods retailer, incorporates textile materials in its wide range of products.


Textile, a diverse and essential component of our lives, has a rich history and offers a wide array of options for various applications. From clothing to home furnishings, the world of textiles is ever-evolving, driven by innovative manufacturers and used by global brands. By understanding the types of textiles and following proper handling techniques, we can ensure the longevity and enjoyment of these versatile fabrics.

A woven or knit cloth. The term is used generically to define many various fabrics. The word is some times used to define an entire industry. For example, "the Apparel Search Company is the leading informational resource for the Apparel & Textile Industries.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Jacquard is a type of fabric characterized by intricate, woven patterns that are created using a special loom known as a Jacquard loom. The loom utilizes a system of punched cards to create intricate...
The act of punching holes in JACQUARD CARDS according to a pattern or DESIGN DRAFT, so that when they are set up in the LOOM, they will control the weaving mechanism and the pattern will be woven...
Aging 540
Aging in textiles refers to the changes that occur in a fabric's physical and chemical properties over time, resulting from exposure to environmental factors such as light, heat, humidity, and...
Pekin 33
A high quality fabric characterized by its vertical stripes of identical width that have equal widths between them. It consists of cotton, wool, silk, or elaborate velvet stripes that are separated...
Eco 45
Of or relating to habitat or household, mostly used as a prefix related to ecology. Eco comes from the ancient Greek word "oikos" (house). e. g. eco-label, eco-friendly, eco-shopping. Within the...

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