TextileGlossary.com

What is "Textured Yarn" - Definition & Explanation

A continuous filament yarn that has been processed to introduce durable crimps, coils, loops or other fine distortions along the lengths of the filaments.
A yarn that has been so processed as to introduce durable crimps (q.v.), coils, loops or other fine distortions along the length of the fibres or filaments. NOTE:
a) The main texturing processes usually applied to continuous-filament yarns made from or containing thermoplastic fibres, are as follows:
1. The yarn is highly twisted, heat-set and untwisted, either as a continuous process (false twisting) or as a three-stage process.
2. The yarn is passed through a heated "stuffer box" (stuffer box crimping).
3. The heated yarn is passed over a knife edge (edge crimping).
4. The heated yarn is passed between a pair of geared wheels or some similar device (gear crimping).
5. The yarn is knitted into a fabric, heat-set and unravelled (knit-deknit). 6. Loops are formed in individual filaments by over-feeding into a turbulent airstream (air-textured).
7. Bicomponent Fibres (q.v.) are differentially shrunk.
b) Processes (1) and (3) above produce yarns of a generally high stretch character. This stretch character is frequently reduced by reheating the yarn in a state where it is only partly relaxed from the fully extended condition, thus producing a yarn with the bulkiness little reduced but with a much reduced retractive power.
c) Fabrics that contain textured yarns have increased bulk, opacity, and moisture absorbency and improved thermal insulation properties with a warmer handle (q.v.); some textured yarns also confer extensible or "stretch" properties on fabrics made from them.
a general classification for continuous filament man - made fibre yarn which have been treated to give them hand and appearance which is different from the untreated yarn and / or stretchy. These yarns in some cases exhibit spun yarn effect. The yarns may be crimped ,curled, coiled, distorted through air jet process or given a false twist and then be heat set.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A short length of warp or weft yarn that has twisted on itself owing to lively twist (see twist liveliness) or insufficient tension. NOTE: The snarling may occur during or prior to the weaving...
A steel rod which is inserted in between the base fabric and the pile ends in a pile fabric woven on a wire loom or ÚpinglÚ loom. The height and thickness of the rod determine the size of the loop. A...
This process is usually used on splits, or heavily buffed leather The finishing fim is created on a continuous release paper. An adhesive is applied to the film, and then it is pressed onto the...
Also called Monk's cloth. A heavy, rough surfaced, hardwearing, loosely woven, basket weave fabric in solid colours. Sometimes stripes or plaids are woven into the fabric. Made of cotton or linen. It...
A knitted fabric with a rib pattern. Depending upon the usage, the pattern can be altered to exhibit different rib effects. Rib fabric is used mainly in round necks and cuffs for certain types of...

Companies for Textured Yarn:


If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Textured Yarn, please fill your company details below so that we can list our company for FREE!