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What is "Tweed" - Definition & Explanation

A soft thick fabric, woven from contrasting woolen yarns
Woolen homespun material originally from Scotland, the term now applies to a large group of woolen goods woven in twill, plain or herringbone weave.
A homespun effect created by multi or monochromatic colored yarns woven on plain looms. The fabric is usually wool or worsted and often has a rough texture.
It is a woolen cloth which is manufactured in a wide variety of forms ranging from fine to coarse textures. Main areas of application include suitings and over coatings.
Originally, a coarse, heavyweight, rough surfaced wool fabric for outerwear, woven in Scotland. The term is now applied to fabrics made in a wide range of weights and qualities, generally from woollen spun yarns.
Generally made of wool, but can also be fabricated from cotton, rayon, silk, linen, and synthetics. Tweed is the Scotch name for twill and originated along the banks of the Tweed river, which separates England from Scotland. It is sometimes known as 'tweel' and is similar to homespun cheviot and shetland. They are the same in texture, yarn, weight, feel, and use. Tweed was originally only made from different colored stock-dyed fibers, producing various color effects. The tweed fabric family consists of a wide range of rough surfaced, sturdy fabrics. There are also some closely woven, smoother, softer yarn fabrics, and many monotone tweeds. Tweed may also be plaid, checked, striped, or have other patterns. It does not hold a crease very well. Typically used in a wide range of suits, coats, and sportswear for men, women and children.
A medium to heavy weight, fluffy, woolen, twill weave fabric containing colored slubbed yarns. Common end-uses include coats and suits.
A general term describing strong, rough texture fabrics with mixed color effects. Traditionally wool but tweeds of various fibers are now made. Used for coats, suits, jackets, drapery, upholstery.
(Harris) - All are hand woven on the islands off the northern coast of Scotland (Outer Hebrides). Harris Tweed was originally woven from hand-spun yarn. When damp, it smells mossy and smoky.
Tweed is a type of fabric using the twill weave.
A term broadly applied to the sturdier types of fabricsmade of the coarser grades of wool. Tweed fabricsoriginally derived their interest from the coloreffectsobtained by mixing stock-dyedwools. More recently the term includes monotones, which derivetheir interestfrom weave effects. The most popular weaves fortweedsare the plain, the twill, and variations of thelatter. Nowalsomade of other fibers.
Thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
Flannel: (usually in the plural) trousers made of flannel or gabardine or tweed or white cloth.
A rough, irregular, soft and flexible, unfinished shaggy woollen named for the tweed river that separates England from Scotland. It is made of a two-and-two twill weave, right-hand or left-hand in structure. Outstanding tweeds include Bannockburn, English, Harris, Irish, Linton, Manx, Scotch and Donegal.
A course heavy weight woollen fabric originating from Scotland. More commonly applied nowadays to a wider range of woollen fabrics.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A band (q.v.) that runs with clearly defined edges and that differs in appearance from the adjacent normal fabric. (It may be shady and may or may not run parallel with the picks). Bar is a general...
The act of punching holes in JACQUARD CARDS according to a pattern or DESIGN DRAFT, so that when they are set up in the LOOM, they will control the weaving mechanism and the pattern will be woven...
Biowash is a wet, permanent finish that is usually done before dyeing. It is also referred to as bio-polishing, and is done only to cellulosic fabrics. During this process, enzymes are applied to the...
A technique of altering yarns to make them fluff, curl, or crimp up to give them a bulked appearance. High bulk yarns are sometimes made by combining high shrinkage staple components with low...
A general term for a fabric woven on a special dobby loom, which allows the weaving of small, geometric figures. These patterns are beyond the range of simple looms, yet too limited to be produced...

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