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What is "Flame Retardant" - Definition & Explanation

A substance added or a treatment applied to a material in order to suppress, significantly reduce or delay the propagation of flame.
A the time of production of the fabric, a chemical application process is adopted by which flammability of fabric is reduced.
Flame retardant fabrics have been treated with a flame proofing compound. These fabrics retain this fire retardancy for a limited time. Typically, flameproofing chemicals are water soluble and painting, washing, etc negate the fire retardancy. Excessive humidity may also reduce the flame retardancy over time. These fabrics can be re-flameproofed.
A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Measure of the amount of water in wood. Measured as a percent of dry weight of the wood. For example, if a piece of wood weighs 10 pounds when oven dried and 12 pounds before drying, the piece is...
The ability of a fabric to withstand permanent discoloration by the action of liquids. This property depends partly upon the chemical nature of the fibre but may be improved by proprietary...
The technique of permanently joining together two fabrics or layers of fabrics together by a bonding agent.into one package. The bonding of fibers in a single layer of material is called a web....
A garment fashioned to wear under blouses, suits and etc., that covers from bust to waist. Usually sleeveless, camisoles (or "camis") traditionally offer little if any breast support, though some...
Mercerisation alters the chemical structure of the cotton fibre. The structure of the fibre changes from alpha-cellulose to beta-cellulose. Mercerising results in the swelling of the cell wall which...

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