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What is "Flame Retardant" - Definition & Explanation

A substance added or a treatment applied to a material in order to suppress, significantly reduce or delay the propagation of flame.
A the time of production of the fabric, a chemical application process is adopted by which flammability of fabric is reduced.
Flame retardant fabrics have been treated with a flame proofing compound. These fabrics retain this fire retardancy for a limited time. Typically, flameproofing chemicals are water soluble and painting, washing, etc negate the fire retardancy. Excessive humidity may also reduce the flame retardancy over time. These fabrics can be re-flameproofed.
A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

There are three ways by which fabric is sold. 1. Ounces per linear yard: a 14-ounce covert topcoating, a 22-ounce melton overcoating. 2. Yards to the pound: a 3. 60 airplane cloth, a 4. 00 filling...
The yarn numbering system based on length and weight originally used for cotton yarns and now employed for most staple yarns spun on the cotton, or short-staple, system. It is based on a unit length...
Plain weave fabric (cotton, silk, rayon, synthetics) having a slightly irregular surface due to uneven slubbed filling yarns. It is a raw silk made from Tussah silk or silk waste, depending on the...
A process which reduces the linear density of an assembly of fibres. Drafting typically occurs in the early stages of producing yarns from staple fibres. Draw spinning: A process for spinning...
Single textile material with addition of an extra warp of filling added for weight and warmth. The extra warp or filling ma is of wool, worsted, cotton, or other yarns. This type of construction is...

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