What is "Backing or Back" - Definition & Explanation

Backing or Back
In textile manufacturing, backing refers to a material that is used as a support or reinforcement for another textile or material. The backing is typically a separate layer that is added to the primary material to provide additional stability, strength, or durability. This process is commonly used in the production of carpets, rugs, and other similar textiles.

The purpose of backing is to provide a sturdy foundation that can hold the fibers in place and prevent them from shifting or breaking down over time. This helps to increase the overall durability and longevity of the textile product. Backing can also provide additional cushioning, insulation, or soundproofing properties, depending on the specific application.

There are many different types of backing materials used in textile manufacturing, depending on the specific properties required. For example, natural fibers such as jute or cotton may be used as a backing material for carpets, as they are strong and durable, yet still flexible enough to conform to the contours of the primary material. Synthetic materials such as polypropylene or polyester may also be used, as they offer superior moisture resistance and are less likely to rot or decay over time.

One common application of backing is in the production of tufted carpets. In this process, yarns are looped through a primary backing material to create the pile or surface of the carpet. A secondary backing is then applied to the underside of the carpet to provide additional stability and support. The secondary backing may be made from a range of materials, including woven fabrics, rubber, or foam.

Another common application of backing is in the production of rugs. In this process, a primary material such as wool or silk is woven into a patterned design, and a backing material is added to the underside of the rug to provide additional stability and durability. The backing material may be applied using various techniques, such as heat bonding, adhesive bonding, or sewing.

In addition to its use in carpets and rugs, backing is also commonly used in the production of other textiles such as upholstery, curtains, and wall coverings. For example, upholstery fabrics may be backed with foam or other cushioning materials to provide additional comfort and support. Curtains and draperies may be backed with a light-blocking material to provide additional privacy and insulation. Wall coverings may be backed with a vinyl or paper material to provide additional durability and resistance to wear and tear.

Some of the top manufacturers of backing materials include Shaw Industries, Mohawk Industries, and Beaulieu Group, all of which are major players in the carpet and rug industry. Other manufacturers of backing materials include DuPont, BASF, and 3M, all of which produce a wide range of specialty materials for use in textiles and other industries.

Overall, backing plays a critical role in the production of many different types of textiles, providing additional stability, durability, and functionality to the primary material. By selecting the right type of backing material and applying it using the appropriate technique, textile manufacturers can create products that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also highly functional and long-lasting.
Woven and non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability. Can be hooped with the item, or placed between the machine throat plate and the hooped garment. Available in various weights and in two basic types: cutaway and tearaway. Also referred to as Stabilizer.
Backing Fabric
1. A reinforcing layer of fabric adhered to the reverse side of a fabric.
2. All materials in a pile yarn floor-covering other than pile yarn; a fabric into which a pile yarn is in-serted.
The bottom or back layer of a quilt, usually a plain unadorned fabric that has been pieced to the width of the quilt.
Backing or Back
Gray goods, usually print cloth, used to take up surplus die and to reinforce fabric on the printing machine.
A coating material used on the reverse side of upholstery fabric to give it more strength.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A band (q.v.) that runs with clearly defined edges and that differs in appearance from the adjacent normal fabric. (It may be shady and may or may not run parallel with the picks). Bar is a general...
In textile terminology, "striated" refers to a fabric or textile surface that displays a pattern or design characterized by parallel lines or stripes. These lines or stripes can be of varying widths,...
The quantity of heat absorbed or released by a substance undergoing a change of state, such as ice changing to water or water to steam, at constant temperature and pressure. When a solid material is...
A finish which causes tiny fibrils or fibrous elements to be spilt from the fibers and protrude from the surface of the fabric. Results in a frosted, hazy, laundered appearance and a soft hand....
A woven fabric made on a dobby loom with an open mesh design that simulates a leno weave by interlacing and grouping the warp and weft yarns with spaces between the groups. Warp yarns are not paired...

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