What is "Barathea" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 27-Jan-2023 (1 year, 4 months, 1 day ago)
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In the world of textiles, Barathea is a luxurious and high-quality fabric known for its distinctive pebbled appearance and soft drape. It is commonly used in formal and elegant garments, making it a favorite choice for special occasions and high-end fashion. This article provides an in-depth exploration of Barathea, including its history, types, handling tips, and top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The history of Barathea fabric dates back to the late 18th century in the United Kingdom. It was originally woven using a combination of silk and wool fibers, creating a fabric with a unique texture and sheen. The name "Barathea" is believed to have derived from the Arabic word "barrat," meaning silky fabric, reflecting its early association with luxurious materials.

Barathea gained popularity during the Victorian era and was particularly favored for men's formalwear, including tuxedos and tailcoats. Over time, the composition of Barathea evolved, and today it is commonly woven using high-quality wool or synthetic fibers, such as polyester or rayon, to achieve a similar textured effect.

Types of Barathea

Barathea fabric comes in various types, each with its own characteristics and uses. The following are some of the common types of Barathea:

  1. Silk Barathea: The traditional form of Barathea was woven with a blend of silk and wool fibers. Silk Barathea is characterized by its lustrous appearance, smooth texture, and excellent drapability. It is often used for high-end eveningwear, including formal gowns and suiting.
  2. Wool Barathea: Wool Barathea is woven entirely from high-quality wool fibers, resulting in a luxurious fabric with a soft hand and a pebbled or ribbed texture. It is commonly used in tailored garments, such as jackets, trousers, and skirts, as well as in outerwear.
  3. Synthetic Barathea: With advancements in textile manufacturing, synthetic fibers like polyester and rayon are now used to create Barathea-like fabrics. These synthetic Baratheas offer increased durability, ease of care, and affordability while maintaining the distinctive textured appearance.

Tips in Handling Barathea

When working with Barathea fabric, it is important to consider its unique characteristics. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Care Instructions: Check the care instructions provided by the fabric manufacturer. While silk Barathea may require special handling, wool and synthetic Baratheas are often machine washable or can be dry cleaned.
  • Pressing: Use a pressing cloth when ironing Barathea fabric to protect it from direct heat. Set the iron to the appropriate temperature for the fabric type (silk, wool, or synthetic) and apply gentle pressure.
  • Handling the Texture: Be mindful of the texture of Barathea, especially when cutting and sewing. Ensure that the fabric is properly aligned and use sharp scissors or a rotary cutter to achieve clean edges.
  • Finishing Techniques: Consider using appropriate finishing techniques, such as French seams or hand-stitching, to maintain the fabric's elegance and prevent fraying.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Barathea fabric is highly regarded by many top international designers and manufacturers in the fashion industry. Here are a few notable users and manufacturers:

  1. Gucci: Gucci, renowned for its luxury fashion and accessories, incorporates Barathea fabric into their collections, particularly in tailored suits, blazers, and eveningwear.
  2. Armani: The fashion house Armani often utilizes Barathea fabric in their sophisticated and timeless designs, adding a touch of elegance and refinement to their formalwear.
  3. Burberry: Burberry, known for its iconic trench coats and outerwear, occasionally incorporates Barathea fabric in their classic designs, enhancing their signature aesthetic.
  4. Brioni: Brioni, a luxury menswear brand, uses Barathea fabric extensively in their suits and formal attire, showcasing the fabric's impeccable draping and texture.
  5. Valentino: Valentino incorporates Barathea fabric into their couture collections, creating exquisite evening gowns and tailored pieces that exude sophistication.


Barathea fabric holds a significant place in the world of textiles, with its rich history, distinctive texture, and association with elegance and luxury. Whether it's silk, wool, or synthetic Barathea, this fabric offers versatility and style, making it a preferred choice for formalwear and high-end garments. The top international users and manufacturers of Barathea continue to showcase its timeless appeal, incorporating it into their designs and cementing its position as a symbol of sophistication and refinement.

Barathea is an indistinct twill or broken rib - usually a twilled hopsack weave - with a fine textured, slightly pebbled surface. Often of silk or silk blended with wool, used for neckties, women's fine suits and coats, men's and women's evening wear.
A silk, rayon, or manufactured fiber necktie fabric with a broken rib weave and a characteristic pebbly appearance.

A fine, dress fabric with a silk warp and worsted filling, woven in a broken filling rib which completely covers the warp.

A smooth-faced worsted uniform cloth with an indistinct twilled basket weave of fine two-ply yarns.

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