TextileGlossary.com

What is "Blouse" - Definition & Explanation

A blouse most commonly refers to a woman's shirt, although the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts. Blouses are often made of cotton or silk cloth and may or may not include a collar and sleeves. They are generally more tailored than simple knit tops, and may contain "feminine" details such as ruffles or embroidered decorations. Blouses have buttons reversed from that of a men's shirts. That is, the buttons are normally on the wearer's left-hand and the buttonholes are on the right. The reasons for this are unclear, however. Some suggest this custom was introduced by launderers so they could distinguish between women's and men's shirts, and could thus charge more for women's blouses, supposing women are more gullible and submissive. Another theory purports that the tradition arose in the middle ages when one manner of manifesting wealth was by the number of buttons one wore. Female servants were in charge of buttonning their mistresse's gowns (since the buttons were usually in the back). Tiring of attempting to button the buttons backwards, they started reversing the direction of the buttons, therefore, easing their jobs considerably.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The distance between the beginning of one complete pattern in the fabric weave, print, or design and the beginning of the next identical pattern. Fabric may have vertical or horizontal repeats or...
A mechanical treatment that uses beetlers or fallers to give fabric surfaces a flattened appearance. The spaces between warp and filling are covered up and tend to produce a high gloss to the...
A chemical process in which short fuzzy fibres are sealed into a yarn or are removed from the cloth to make the fabric more porous. The strength of the fabric is not impaired. A porous fabric permits...
A textile weave consisting of double threads interlaced to produce a checkered pattern similar to that of a woven basket. Also called hopsack or matt weave. The weave is 2/2. A variation of the plain...
The UPF rating indicates how effective a fabric is at blocking out solar ultraviolet radiation from reaching the skin. UPF ratings range from 15 to 50 with higher ratings indicating more effective...

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