What is "Blouse" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 29-Jan-2023 (1 year, 4 months, 1 day ago)
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The blouse is a versatile garment in the field of textiles, primarily worn by women. It is an upper-body garment that typically covers the torso, shoulders, and arms, and is often paired with skirts, trousers, or sarees. Blouses come in various styles, designs, and materials, making them a popular choice for both casual and formal occasions.

History and Origin

The origin of blouses can be traced back to ancient civilizations. The concept of covering the upper body with a separate garment has been prevalent in different cultures throughout history. However, the term "blouse" gained prominence during the 19th century, primarily in Western fashion.

In the late 1800s, blouses started to become more tailored and feminine. The popularity of tailored blouses grew as women sought more practical and comfortable options for daily wear. By the early 20th century, blouses became an essential part of women's wardrobes, reflecting changing social and fashion trends.

Types of Blouses

Blouses come in a variety of styles, each with its own unique characteristics and design elements. Some common types of blouses include:

  1. Button-Down Blouse: This classic style features a front opening with buttons and a collar. It can be made with various fabrics, ranging from cotton for a casual look to silk for a more formal appearance.
  2. Peplum Blouse: The peplum blouse has a fitted bodice that flares out into a ruffled or pleated peplum at the waist, creating a flattering silhouette.
  3. Wrap Blouse: This style wraps around the torso, typically secured with a tie or a button closure. It offers a versatile and adjustable fit, making it suitable for different body types.
  4. Off-Shoulder Blouse: The off-shoulder blouse exposes the shoulders, providing an elegant and feminine look. It is a popular choice for summer or formal occasions.
  5. Tunic Blouse: Tunic blouses are longer in length, often reaching the hips or thighs. They can be worn as standalone tops or paired with leggings or trousers for a stylish and comfortable outfit.
  6. Blouse with Embellishments: Some blouses feature embellishments such as embroidery, sequins, or lace, adding a decorative element and enhancing their aesthetic appeal.

Tips in Handling Blouses

To ensure the longevity and proper care of blouses, the following tips can be helpful:

  1. Read the Care Instructions: Always check the care label for specific instructions on washing, drying, and ironing the blouse, as different fabrics may have different requirements.
  2. Prevent Snagging: Be cautious of sharp objects or rough surfaces that could potentially snag or damage the fabric. Avoid wearing sharp jewelry or accessories that may catch on the blouse.
  3. Proper Storage: Hang blouses on padded or non-slip hangers to maintain their shape. If storing them in drawers, fold them neatly to avoid excessive wrinkles.
  4. Ironing and Steaming: Follow the fabric-specific instructions for ironing or steaming to remove wrinkles. Always use a pressing cloth to protect delicate fabrics.
  5. Stain Removal: Treat stains promptly by following appropriate stain removal techniques for the fabric. Avoid using harsh chemicals or bleach without testing them on a small, inconspicuous area first.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

The blouse is a popular garment worldwide, and several international users and manufacturers have gained recognition in the fashion industry. Some notable users and manufacturers include:

  1. Zara: Zara, a renowned fashion brand, offers a wide range of stylish and trendy blouses, catering to diverse tastes and preferences.
  2. H&M: H&M is known for its affordable and fashionable clothing, including a variety of blouses in different styles and designs.
  3. Gucci: Gucci, a luxury brand, incorporates blouses into their collections, often featuring intricate designs, high-quality materials, and exquisite craftsmanship.
  4. Anthropologie: Anthropologie specializes in unique and bohemian-inspired clothing, offering a range of artistic and eclectic blouses.
  5. Equipment: Equipment is recognized for its minimalist and sophisticated blouses, often made with luxurious silk fabrics.
  6. Tory Burch: Tory Burch creates elegant and timeless blouses that combine classic designs with modern details, appealing to a wide customer base.


The blouse is a versatile garment that has evolved over time, reflecting changes in fashion trends and societal norms. From its historical origins to its various types and handling tips, blouses continue to be a significant component of women's fashion. With renowned international brands incorporating blouses into their collections, the garment remains a symbol of style, femininity, and individual expression.

A blouse most commonly refers to a woman's shirt, although the term is also used for some men's military uniform shirts. Blouses are often made of cotton or silk cloth and may or may not include a collar and sleeves. They are generally more tailored than simple knit tops, and may contain "feminine" details such as ruffles or embroidered decorations.

Blouses have buttons reversed from that of a men's shirts. That is, the buttons are normally on the wearer's left-hand and the buttonholes are on the right. The reasons for this are unclear, however. Some suggest this custom was introduced by launderers so they could distinguish between women's and men's shirts, and could thus charge more for women's blouses, supposing women are more gullible and submissive. Another theory purports that the tradition arose in the middle ages when one manner of manifesting wealth was by the number of buttons one wore. Female servants were in charge of buttonning their mistresse's gowns (since the buttons were usually in the back). Tiring of attempting to button the buttons backwards, they started reversing the direction of the buttons, therefore, easing their jobs considerably.
Generally made of a soft cloth which could also come in embroidery with front or back opening.

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Plisse 43
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