What is "Carbon Fibre" - Definition & Explanation

Carbon Fibre
Carbon fibre is a material that has revolutionized the textile industry due to its strength, durability, and lightweight properties. It is a polymer made of thin, strong crystalline filaments of carbon that are tightly woven together to create a fabric. Carbon fibre has a high strength-to-weight ratio, meaning that it is stronger than steel but much lighter in weight. It is commonly used in a variety of applications, including aerospace, automotive, sports equipment, and textiles.

Carbon fibre is made by heating a precursor material, typically a polymer like polyacrylonitrile (PAN) or rayon, to a high temperature in the absence of oxygen. This process, known as carbonization, causes the material to break down into carbon fibres, which are then woven or braided together to create a fabric. The resulting fabric is incredibly strong, stiff, and lightweight, making it ideal for use in high-performance applications.

In the textile industry, carbon fibre is used to create fabrics that are used in a wide range of applications. One of the most common uses of carbon fibre in textiles is in the production of sports equipment, such as bicycles, hockey sticks, and tennis rackets. These products require materials that are strong, durable, and lightweight, making carbon fibre an ideal choice. Carbon fibre fabrics are also used in the production of protective gear, such as helmets and body armour, due to their ability to absorb and disperse impact forces.

Carbon fibre fabrics are also used in the production of high-performance clothing, such as racing suits and high-tech outdoor gear. These garments are designed to provide protection from the elements while remaining lightweight and flexible. Carbon fibre fabrics are ideal for this type of application due to their ability to provide excellent thermal insulation, moisture management, and breathability.

Another advantage of carbon fibre textiles is their ability to be customized to meet specific requirements. Carbon fibre fabrics can be engineered to have specific properties, such as stiffness or flexibility, depending on the intended application. This makes them ideal for use in a wide range of industries, from aerospace to automotive to sports equipment.

While carbon fibre textiles offer many advantages over traditional materials, there are some drawbacks to consider. One of the main disadvantages of carbon fibre is its cost. Carbon fibre is more expensive to produce than many other materials, which can make it cost-prohibitive for some applications. Additionally, carbon fibre fabrics can be more difficult to work with than traditional fabrics, requiring specialized equipment and expertise.

In conclusion, carbon fibre has become an important material in the textile industry due to its strength, durability, and lightweight properties. It is used in a wide range of applications, from sports equipment to protective gear to high-performance clothing. While it is more expensive than traditional materials, its ability to be customized and engineered to meet specific requirements makes it a valuable option for many industries. As technology continues to advance, it is likely that carbon fibre will continue to play an important role in the future of textiles.
Carbon Fibre
Graphite-reinforced plastic or carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP or CRP), is a strong, light and very expensive composite material or fibre reinforced plastic. Like glass-reinforced plastic, the composite material is commonly referred to by the name of its reinforcing fibers (carbon fiber), an example of part-for-whole metonymy. The plastic is most often epoxy, but other plastics, like polyester or vinylester, are also sometimes used.
Carbon Fibre
A fibre composed of at least 90% (m/m) of carbon, and commonly produced by carbonising organic polymers in filamentary form.
Carbon Fibre
A man-made fibre containing at least 90% of carbon obtained by controlled pyrolysis of appropriate fibres.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous...
The generic name given to a new family of cellulosic fibres and yarns that have been produced by solvent spinning. The process is widely regarded as being environmentally-friendly, and the product...
A twilled woolen fabric with a tartan pattern; a fabric with a pattern of tartan or an imitation of tartan. A rectangular length of tartan worn over the left shoulder as part of the Scottish national...
Heavily fulled twill wool cotton that resembles the animal of that name. Has softer body and longer nap than kersey and melton. If term is used, it must be referred to as imitation beaver cloth to...
Pre-Cure, in the context of textile manufacturing, refers to a finishing process that involves applying a chemical treatment to fabric before it undergoes the curing or drying stage. The purpose of...

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