What is "Chintz" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 16-Apr-2024 (3 months, 4 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Chintz is a type of fabric that is typically made from cotton and is known for its brightly colored floral patterns. The word "chintz" comes from the Hindi word "chhint," which means "spotted" or "sprinkled," referring to the fabric's distinctive pattern. Chintz has a long history and has been produced in India for centuries, but it became particularly popular in Europe and America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Chintz is typically made by printing a floral design onto cotton fabric using a technique called block printing. This involves using hand-carved wooden blocks to apply the design onto the fabric. Each color in the design requires a separate block, and the blocks are carefully aligned to ensure that the design is consistent across the entire fabric.

Once the design has been printed onto the fabric, it is often treated with a starch or wax coating to give it a smooth and glossy finish. This process, known as glazing, not only enhances the fabric's appearance but also makes it more durable and resistant to water and stains.

Chintz is known for its vibrant and bold colors, which are achieved through the use of natural dyes such as indigo, madder, and turmeric. These dyes are derived from plants and are known for their rich and long-lasting hues.

Chintz became particularly popular in Europe and America during the 18th and 19th centuries when it was used to decorate everything from furniture to clothing. In the 18th century, chintz was considered a luxury item and was often used to create elaborate and opulent interiors. However, by the 19th century, chintz had become more widely available and was used in a variety of more modest settings.

Today, chintz continues to be popular in both fashion and home decor. While traditional chintz fabrics are still produced using hand block printing techniques, modern technology has also made it possible to produce chintz using digital printing methods, which allow for more intricate and complex designs.

Chintz is a versatile fabric that can be used in a variety of ways. In fashion, it is often used to create colorful and eye-catching dresses, skirts, and blouses. In home decor, it can be used to create curtains, upholstery, and bedding, adding a touch of color and pattern to any room.

In summary, chintz is a type of cotton fabric that is known for its colorful floral patterns. It is typically produced using block printing techniques and is often treated with a starch or wax coating to give it a smooth and glossy finish. Chintz has a long history and has been popular in Europe and America since the 18th century. Today, it continues to be a popular choice for fashion and home decor, adding a touch of color and pattern to any setting.
A usually glazed printed cotton fabric with bright figures, large flower designs, birds and other designs. It also comes in plain colors. Chintz can use several types of glaze. This glazed cotton is often printed with figures and large flower designs. The wax and starch glaze produced by friction or glazing calendars will wash out. The resin glaze finish will not wash out and withstand dry cleaning. Also comes semi-glazed. Unglazed chintz is called cretonne. It is named after the Indian word 'Chint' meaning 'broad, gaudily printed fabric'. Used widely in upholstery fabric.

Some more terms:

Peau de Peche

Peau de Pche, translated from French as "peach skin," is a fabric finish that mimics the soft and velvety texture of a peach's skin. It is a term commonly used in the textile industry to describe...

Read about Peau de Peche

The World of Wool: From Sheep to Chic

Wool: A Timeless Fiber of Warmth and VersatilityWool, a natural fiber with a rich history, has been cherished for centuries for its warmth, durability, and luxurious feel. This remarkable textile...

Read about Wool

Allure of Brussels Lace: A Timeless Elegance

May be a bobbin or needlepoint lace usually on a machine made ground. Sometimes designs are appliqued on the ground. As Brussels Belgium is important in the history of lace-making, many different...

Read about Brussels lace


A leotard is a close-fitting one-piece garment that covers the torso and legs, typically worn by dancers, gymnasts, and athletes. The garment is made from a stretchy, form-fitting material, such as...

Read about Leotards

Round Neck

The term "Round Neck" refers to a type of neckline commonly used in the design of garments, particularly in the textile industry. A round neck is characterized by its circular shape, which encircles...

Read about Round Neck

Art of Back Yoke: Style, Function, and History

Back Yoke in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and ExplanationBack yoke refers to a specific design element commonly found in garments, particularly shirts and jackets. It is a structural feature located...

Read about Back Yoke


Garnetting is a process of textile recycling that involves the separation and reprocessing of fibers from fabrics, textiles, or other materials to produce a new form of material. The process...

Read about Garnetting

Melt-Spinning: A Deep Dive into Synthetic Fiber Production

Some polymeric fibres are spun by melting the polymer to a liquid state. The liquid is forced through the spinner opening under pressure and cooled by a jet of air to form the filament. Nylon can be...

Read about Melt-spinning

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Chintz:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Chintz, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Did you know this fact? Fashion designer Eudon Choi was born in South Korea and moved to London to study fashion.
(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap