What is "Converter" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 29-Feb-2024 (4 months, 20 days ago)
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In the textile industry, a converter refers to a company or entity that specializes in the transformation of raw fabrics into finished products. The role of a converter is crucial in bridging the gap between textile manufacturers and end-users by providing value-added services such as fabric processing, printing, finishing, and customization.

Meaning and Definition

A converter acts as an intermediary between textile mills and manufacturers, helping to facilitate the production of finished textile goods. They procure unfinished or grey fabrics from mills and then process, modify, and transform them into desired specifications as per the requirements of the end-users. The process typically involves fabric dyeing, printing, coating, laminating, embossing, or any other necessary treatments to achieve the desired appearance, performance, or functionality.

Types of Converters

There are several types of converters, each specializing in different aspects of textile transformation:

  1. Print Converters: Print converters focus on fabric printing, using various techniques such as screen printing, digital printing, or transfer printing to add patterns, designs, or graphics to the fabric surface.
  2. Finish Converters: Finish converters specialize in fabric finishing processes, which include treatments like dyeing, bleaching, mercerizing, or applying special coatings to enhance properties such as color fastness, water resistance, or flame retardancy.
  3. Coating Converters: Coating converters apply protective or decorative coatings to fabrics, using techniques such as lamination or chemical treatments. This helps to modify the fabric's performance attributes, such as waterproofing or adding a specific texture.
  4. Specialty Converters: Specialty converters cater to niche markets or specific industries, providing customized solutions or innovative fabric transformations based on unique requirements.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several international companies have established themselves as prominent users or manufacturers of converter services in the textile industry. Here are a few examples:

  1. Printex: Printex is a leading print converter, offering a wide range of fabric printing solutions to clients worldwide. They specialize in digital printing techniques, allowing for intricate and high-quality designs on various fabric types.
  2. Carrington Textiles: Carrington Textiles is a renowned finish converter, providing fabric finishing services to industries such as workwear, healthcare, and protective apparel. They focus on enhancing fabric performance and durability through advanced finishing processes.
  3. Coatex Industries: Coatex Industries is a prominent coating converter, offering specialized coating solutions for technical textiles. They provide innovative coating techniques to improve fabric functionalities such as abrasion resistance, anti-static properties, or thermal insulation.
  4. Resil Chemicals: Resil Chemicals is a global specialty converter, offering customized solutions for fabric transformation. They focus on creating sustainable and eco-friendly processes, catering to industries such as automotive, home textiles, and apparel.

Tips in Handling Converter Services

When dealing with converter services, it is essential to keep the following tips in mind:

  1. Clear Communication: Clearly communicate your fabric requirements, design specifications, performance expectations, and deadlines to the converter to ensure a smooth collaboration.
  2. Sample Evaluation: Request fabric samples before placing bulk orders to evaluate the quality, color accuracy, and desired finishing or printing effects.
  3. Collaborative Development: Engage in open communication and collaborative development with the converter to leverage their expertise in fabric transformation and explore innovative possibilities.
  4. Quality Control: Establish quality control measures to ensure the consistency and adherence to the desired standards throughout the converter's process.
  5. Timely Feedback: Provide timely feedback to the converter regarding the delivered samples or prototypes to facilitate adjustments or improvements if necessary.


In the textile industry, converters play a vital role in transforming raw fabrics into finished products, offering a range of value-added services such as processing, printing, and customization. Their expertise and specialization enable textile manufacturers to meet the diverse requirements of end-users across various industries. By understanding the role of converters and collaborating effectively with them, textile businesses can ensure the production of high-quality, customized textile goods that meet the needs of their target markets.

An individual or organization which buys grey fabrics and sells them as a finished product to cutters, wholesalers, retailers, and others. The converter arranges for the finishing of the fabric, namely bleaching, mercerizing, dyeing, printing, etc., to the buyers' specifications.

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Did you know this fact? The use of synthetic dyes revolutionized the textile industry in the 19th century.
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