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What is "Cotton Fiber" - Definition & Explanation

A unicellular, natural staple fiber hitch is the seed hair of plants of the genus Gossypium. It is almost pure cellulose and a distinguishing characteristic is its irregular spiral configuration. The fiber is fine and its length varies from less than 1/2 inch to over 2 inches. The quality and color of cotton fiber, normally creamy white but sometimes much darker, is determined by the plant variety as well as the location, soil and climatic conditions under which it is cultivated. The largest cotton producers by far today are China, the U.S., and Russia. Other growers with high output are India, Pakistan, Brazil, Turkey, and several South America and African countries.Characteristics : for marketing, cotton fibers are graded and classed for length, fineness, strength, and color. It is a highly versatile fiber with high strength and a high moisture regain of 8%, which contributes to its comfort.End uses : cotton is the most widely used natural fiber. Because of its versatility and comfort, cotton is widely used throughout the world in a very broad range of textile materials. Today cotton is often blended with other staple fibers, especially polyester, to take advantage of the characteristics of both fibers.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A process in which a fabric is printed with an adhesive, followed by the application of finely chopped fibres over the whole surface of the fabric by means of dusting-on, an air blast, or...
A general classification of strong, firm, closely woven fabrics usually made with cotton. A heavier, open weave comprised of plied yarns (a number of single yarns, usually three, twisted together)....
A heavy durable cotton fabric with a short thick velvety nap on one side used for protecting the skin in which a blistor has occurred. Mosquito Coil a coiled, slow burning repellent, the smoke of...
Cotton fabrics such as chintz or tarlatan treated with starch, glue. paraffin, or shellac and run through a hot friction roller to give a high polish. These types are not durable in washing. Newer,...
Intarsia is a knitting technique used to create patterns with multiple colours. As with the woodworking technique of the same name, fields of different colours and materials appear to be inlaid in...

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