What is "Cuprammonium" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 07-Apr-2023 (1 year, 2 months, 11 days ago)
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Secrets of Cuprammonium: Cellulose-based Fibers Unveiled

The Cuprammonium Process in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and Explanation

The Cuprammonium process is a unique method used in the textile industry to produce cellulose-based fibers. It involves the dissolution of cellulose in a cuprammonium solution, followed by extrusion and regeneration to form continuous filaments. This article provides an in-depth understanding of the Cuprammonium process, including its history, types, handling tips, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers.

History and Origin

The Cuprammonium process traces its origins back to the early 20th century when scientists sought alternatives to natural fibers. In 1892, Austrian chemist Count Hilaire de Chardonnet discovered a method for dissolving cellulose in cuprammonium hydroxide solution. This breakthrough laid the foundation for the development of the Cuprammonium process, which gained significant attention and commercialization in subsequent years.

Types of Cuprammonium Fibers

The Cuprammonium process can produce various types of cellulose-based fibers:

  1. Rayon (Viscose): Rayon is the most common and widely known fiber produced using the Cuprammonium process. It is versatile, soft, and exhibits excellent drape and moisture absorption properties.
  2. Cupro: Cupro is a variant of rayon produced through the Cuprammonium process. It is known for its luxurious texture, breathability, and ability to drape elegantly, making it popular in high-end fashion.
  3. Cupra: Cupra is a fine, lightweight cellulose fiber derived from the Cuprammonium process. It offers a silky touch, good moisture absorption, and smoothness, making it suitable for intimate apparel and luxury garments.

Tips for Handling Cuprammonium Fibers

Proper handling and care are essential to maintain the quality and longevity of Cuprammonium fibers:

  • Gentle Washing: Cuprammonium fibers should be hand washed or machine washed on a delicate cycle to minimize damage.
  • Avoiding Excessive Heat: High temperatures can cause Cuprammonium fibers to shrink or lose their shape. It is important to air dry or use low heat settings when drying.
  • Ironing Precautions: When ironing Cuprammonium garments, use a low heat setting and place a cloth between the fabric and the iron to prevent direct contact.
  • Storage: Cuprammonium fibers should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent discoloration or degradation.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

The Cuprammonium process is utilized by several prominent international brands and manufacturers in the textile industry:

  1. Lenzing AG: Lenzing AG is a leading producer of specialty fibers, including Cupro, under the brand name "Lenzing Modal." Their sustainable fibers are widely used in the fashion and textile industries.
  2. Asahi Kasei: Asahi Kasei is a Japanese chemical company that manufactures Cupro fibers under the brand name "Bemberg." Their Cupro fibers are renowned for their luxurious feel and versatility.
  3. Sateri: Sateri is a global leader in viscose rayon production. They utilize the Cuprammonium process to produce high-quality rayon fibers used in various applications, including apparel and home textiles.
  4. Grasim Industries: Grasim Industries, part of the Aditya Birla Group, is a major player in the production of viscose staple fiber using the Cuprammonium process. Their fibers are known for their softness, absorbency, and strength.
  5. Thai Rayon: Thai Rayon, a subsidiary of Aditya Birla Group, is one of the largest manufacturers of rayon fibers using the Cuprammonium process. Their products find applications in diverse sectors, including fashion and home furnishings.


The Cuprammonium process revolutionized the textile industry by enabling the production of cellulose-based fibers with unique properties. With a rich history and various types of fibers, such as rayon, Cupro, and Cupra, this process continues to play a significant role in the creation of luxurious, sustainable, and versatile textiles. By understanding the handling tips and exploring the profiles of top international users and manufacturers, one can gain valuable insights into the world of Cuprammonium fibers and their impact on the global textile market.

A process of producing a type of regenerated rayon fiber. In this process, the wood pulp or cotton liners are dissolved in an ammoniac copper oxide solution. Bemberg rayon is a type of Cuprammonium rayon.

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