What are "Splits" - Definition & Explanation

In textile manufacturing, "splits" refer to a specific type of leather material that is derived from the lower layers of a hide. When an animal hide is processed to create leather, it is often split into multiple layers, with the top layer (known as the grain) being the highest quality and most durable. The layers beneath the grain, called splits, have a more fibrous and less uniform texture.

Splits are generally thinner and less durable than the grain layer, but they still possess certain characteristics that make them suitable for various applications in the textile industry. One of the key advantages of splits is their flexibility and pliability, which makes them ideal for producing soft, supple leather goods. They are commonly used in the production of items such as shoes, garments, bags, belts, and upholstery.

The utilization of splits in textile manufacturing offers several benefits. Firstly, splits are often less expensive compared to full-grain leather, making them a cost-effective option for manufacturers who want to achieve a leather-like appearance and feel while keeping production costs in check. Additionally, splits are generally more forgiving in terms of imperfections and can be used to create distressed or textured leather finishes, enhancing their versatility in design applications.

Top users and manufacturers of splits in the textile industry can include footwear companies, leather goods manufacturers, and upholstery producers. Footwear brands often utilize splits for the production of shoes, as the material offers a balance between durability and flexibility, making it suitable for comfortable and stylish footwear. Companies such as Nike, Adidas, and Clarks are examples of footwear brands that incorporate splits into their product lines.

In the leather goods sector, manufacturers of bags, wallets, and belts utilize splits to create a range of designs and finishes. These companies may opt for splits to achieve a softer feel or to introduce unique texture and visual effects to their products. Prominent luxury brands like Gucci, Louis Vuitton, and Coach are known to incorporate splits into their collections, combining them with other materials to create distinctive and fashionable leather goods.

Upholstery is another area where splits find extensive use. They are often employed in the production of furniture, car interiors, and other seating applications. Splits can provide a balance between durability and affordability, making them a popular choice for manufacturers who seek to offer a leather-like aesthetic at a more accessible price point. Furniture manufacturers such as Ashley Furniture Industries and La-Z-Boy are examples of companies that incorporate splits into their upholstery products.

Furthermore, leather processing and tanning companies play a crucial role in the production of splits. These companies specialize in converting raw animal hides into various leather types, including splits. Some notable global manufacturers in the leather industry include JBS S.A., Wollsdorf Leder, and Pittards plc, which provide a range of leather materials, including splits, to cater to the needs of textile manufacturers and brands worldwide.

In summary, splits in the textile industry refer to the lower layers of a processed animal hide, offering flexibility, affordability, and unique visual effects. They find application in footwear, leather goods, and upholstery manufacturing, catering to brands seeking to create products with a leather-like appearance and texture. Prominent users and manufacturers of splits include footwear brands, leather goods manufacturers, and upholstery producers, who value the versatility and cost-effectiveness offered by this material.
Two or more lengths of fabric that are woven side by side and subsequently separated from each other by cutting along lines formed by leaving one or more dents.


Fraying at the cut edges may be prevented by the use of a leno edge (q.v.) or other suitable means.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Emerised is a textile finishing process that creates a soft, smooth, and velvety surface on fabrics. It involves mechanically abrading the fabric's surface using abrasive materials, such as sandpaper...
The hair of the Angora goat. The long, fine fibers are so smooth and soft that they must be combined with other fibers in weaving.The hair of the Angora rabbit. The fine, lightweight hair is warm,...
Results from uneven wetting out on sanforize; usually caused by defective spray heads. Fabric will appear wavy or puckering when spread on cutting table. Difficult to detect while inspecting on...
A system of manufacturing in which shaped pieces are cut from a layer of fabric and stitched together to form garments. In the case of tubular knitted fabric, the cloth is either cut down one side...
The ability of a cloth to hold or pleat or a crease, which has been intentionally created, through the use of a heat treatment. Heat setting of thermoplastic fibers causes creases to be permanently...

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