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What is "Double Knit" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 09-Mar-2023 (1 year, 3 months, 5 days ago)
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Double Knit Unveiled: The Versatile Fabric Revolutionizing Textile Design


Double Knit in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and Explanation

Double knit is a versatile fabric construction in the textile industry that produces a unique double-layered structure. It is known for its stability, durability, and ability to create intricate designs and patterns. In this article, we will explore the meaning, history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers of double knit fabrics.

Introduction

Double knit fabric is created using a specialized knitting technique that produces two interlocking layers of fabric simultaneously. Unlike single knit fabrics, which have a single layer, double knit fabrics are thicker and more substantial. They offer excellent shape retention, elasticity, and breathability, making them popular for various applications in the fashion and textile industry.

History and Origin

The origins of double knit can be traced back to the early 19th century when the knitting machine was invented. However, it gained significant popularity and commercial success in the mid-20th century with the advent of new knitting technologies. Double knit fabrics became fashionable due to their unique structure, comfort, and versatility in creating different patterns and designs.

Types of Double Knit

Double knit fabrics come in a variety of types, each offering distinct characteristics and applications:

  1. Interlock Double Knit: Interlock is the most common type of double knit fabric. It has a smooth and uniform appearance on both sides and offers excellent stretch and recovery properties. Interlock double knit is commonly used in sportswear, activewear, and casual clothing.
  2. Ponte Double Knit: Ponte double knit fabric is heavier and more stable compared to interlock. It has a firm texture and minimal stretch, making it suitable for structured garments such as dresses, skirts, and jackets.
  3. Rib Double Knit: Rib double knit features raised vertical ribs on both sides of the fabric. It is commonly used for cuffs, collars, and waistbands due to its excellent elasticity and shape retention.
  4. Jacquard Double Knit: Jacquard double knit fabrics are characterized by intricate patterns and designs that are knitted into the fabric using special Jacquard knitting machines. These fabrics are popular for creating detailed motifs, textures, and color variations.
  5. Double-Faced Double Knit: Double-faced double knit fabric has different designs or colors on each side, allowing for reversible garments with different aesthetics. It is commonly used in creating versatile and multifunctional clothing items.

Tips for Handling Double Knit Fabrics

To ensure optimal handling and care for double knit fabrics, consider the following tips:

  • Gentle Washing: Double knit fabrics are best washed using a gentle cycle with mild detergent to maintain their shape and color vibrancy.
  • Avoid High Heat: Excessive heat can damage double knit fabrics, so it's advisable to use low-temperature settings for ironing and drying.
  • Store Flat or Folded: Double knit fabrics should be stored flat or folded to avoid stretching or distortion.
  • Test for Stretch and Recovery: Before using double knit fabrics in a project, perform a stretch and recovery test to ensure they meet the desired elasticity and resilience.

Top International Users and Manufacturers of Double Knit Fabrics

Several prominent international users and manufacturers specialize in the production and utilization of double knit fabrics:

  1. Lululemon: Lululemon is a renowned athletic apparel brand that utilizes double knit fabrics in their high-performance activewear.
  2. Spanx: Spanx, a leading shapewear brand, incorporates double knit fabrics to provide support, comfort, and shaping effects in their undergarments.
  3. St. John Knits: St. John Knits is a luxury fashion house known for its elegant and timeless designs, often created using double knit fabrics.
  4. Victoria Beckham: Victoria Beckham, a renowned fashion designer, incorporates double knit fabrics in her collections to create tailored and sophisticated garments.
  5. Max Mara: Max Mara, an Italian luxury fashion brand, features double knit fabrics in their high-quality, minimalist designs.

Conclusion

Double knit fabric, with its unique double-layered construction, has become an integral part of the textile industry. It offers durability, stability, and endless design possibilities for creating diverse clothing and accessories. By understanding the history, types, and handling tips associated with double knit fabrics, professionals in the fashion and textile industry can harness the versatility and aesthetic appeal of this remarkable fabric construction.


Double Knit
A fabric knitted on a circular knitting machine using interlocking loops and a double stitch on a double needle frame to form a fabric with double thickness. It is the same on both sides. Today, most double knits are made of I5O denier polyester, although many lightweight versions are now being made using finer denier yarns and blends of filament and spun yarns.

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