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What is "Phulkari" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 13-Mar-2024 (4 months, 5 days ago)
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Phulkari
Phulkari is a traditional embroidery technique that originated in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. The word "phulkari" literally translates to "flower work" in Punjabi, which refers to the intricate floral designs that are typically embroidered using this technique.

Phulkari embroidery is typically done on cotton or silk fabrics, and it is characterized by its bold, vibrant colors and geometric patterns. The embroidery is typically done using a single thread of floss silk, which is worked on the wrong side of the fabric, resulting in a flat, matte finish on the front side.

There are several different styles of phulkari embroidery, including the Chope, Bagh, and Darshan Dwar styles. Each style has its own unique characteristics, but they are all characterized by the use of vibrant colors and intricate, highly detailed designs.

The Chope style of phulkari is typically embroidered on a cotton or silk fabric, and it is characterized by its use of bright colors, such as red, yellow, and green. The designs are typically geometric in nature, and they often feature a central motif surrounded by smaller motifs and borders.

The Bagh style of phulkari is typically done on a dark-colored cotton fabric, and it is characterized by its use of vibrant red and orange colors. The designs are typically floral in nature, and they often feature a central motif surrounded by smaller motifs and borders.

The Darshan Dwar style of phulkari is typically done on a white or cream-colored cotton fabric, and it is characterized by its use of bright colors and intricate, highly detailed designs. The designs often feature scenes from everyday life, such as village scenes, animals, and religious figures.

Phulkari embroidery has a long and rich history in the Punjab region, and it has been passed down through generations of women. It is often done by women in their homes, and it is considered a form of artistic expression and a way of preserving cultural heritage.

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in phulkari embroidery, both in India and abroad. It has been featured in high-end fashion shows and has been incorporated into modern fashion designs, while still maintaining its traditional roots and cultural significance.

In conclusion, phulkari is a traditional embroidery technique that originated in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. It is characterized by its use of bold, vibrant colors and intricate floral and geometric designs. Phulkari embroidery has a long and rich history in the region, and it continues to be an important form of artistic expression and cultural heritage today.
Phulkari
Literally, "flowered work". Term used for a type of embroidery practiced by women in the Punjab for head-veils and other garment-pieces. The embroidery is worked in floss-silk upon coarse cotton cloth, in darning stitch over counted threads, being worked from the back of the fabric.

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