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What is "Flame Retardant" - Definition & Explanation

A substance added or a treatment applied to a material in order to suppress, significantly reduce or delay the propagation of flame.
A the time of production of the fabric, a chemical application process is adopted by which flammability of fabric is reduced.
Flame retardant fabrics have been treated with a flame proofing compound. These fabrics retain this fire retardancy for a limited time. Typically, flameproofing chemicals are water soluble and painting, washing, etc negate the fire retardancy. Excessive humidity may also reduce the flame retardancy over time. These fabrics can be re-flameproofed.
A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A length of yarn on the surface of a woven fabric between two consecutive intersections of the yarn with the yarns woven at right angles to it. NOTE: A float is designated by the number of threads...
A driven roller on a textile machine around which a yarn is passed in order to regulate its speed during the extrusion and further processing of certain man-made fibres. The roller may be heated in...
A very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous substance, drawn out to considerable length; a compound cord consisting of two or more single yarns doubled, or joined together, and...
Preshrunk is a dry, permanent finish in which the fabric is washed in order to create a more stable fabric. Often this process allows the elasticity to become improved due to an increase in yarn...
A manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable, excellent color retention. Solution-dyed versions have...

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