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What is "Flame Retardant" - Definition & Explanation

A substance added or a treatment applied to a material in order to suppress, significantly reduce or delay the propagation of flame.
A the time of production of the fabric, a chemical application process is adopted by which flammability of fabric is reduced.
Flame retardant fabrics have been treated with a flame proofing compound. These fabrics retain this fire retardancy for a limited time. Typically, flameproofing chemicals are water soluble and painting, washing, etc negate the fire retardancy. Excessive humidity may also reduce the flame retardancy over time. These fabrics can be re-flameproofed.
A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The process of conferring dimensional stability on fibres, yarns or fabrics, generally by means of moist or dry heat. NOTE: The operation of setting is applied to textile materials of all kinds but...
Generally, a cotton or wool fabric, napped on one or both sides (usually both), then bleached, dyed or printed, and brushed or rerun through the napping machine to revive the nap. Flannel fabrics are...
(also known as polyolefin and Olefin) - A manufactured fiber characterized by its light weight, high strength, and abrasion resistance. Polypropylene is also good at transporting moisture, creating a...
A yarn with two different staple or filament components: A plied yarn constructed of two different singles yarns. A core-spun or other wrapped yarn. A filament yarn combining two types of...
A natural fiber collected from the inner bark surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonic plants. Most bast fibers are obtained from herbs cultivated in agriculture, including flax, Jute, hemp and...

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