What is "Gabardine" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 15-May-2023 (11 months, 3 days ago)
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Gabardine is a type of twill-woven fabric that is known for its durability, strength, and water-resistant properties. It is made by weaving yarns at an angle, which creates a diagonal pattern known as a twill line. This diagonal pattern helps to make the fabric stronger and more resistant to wear and tear.

Gabardine fabric is commonly made from wool, but can also be made from other fibers such as cotton, polyester, or a blend of fibers. It is a tightly woven fabric with a smooth finish, making it ideal for use in tailored garments and outerwear.

One of the key features of gabardine fabric is its water-resistant properties. The tight weave of the fabric helps to repel water, making it a popular choice for raincoats and other outdoor clothing. The water-resistant properties also make it a durable and long-lasting fabric, as it is less prone to damage from moisture and wear.

Gabardine fabric is also known for its ability to hold a crease, making it a popular choice for suits, dress pants, and other formalwear. The fabric's smooth finish and crisp appearance help to create a polished, professional look.

In addition to its use in clothing, gabardine fabric is also used in a range of other textile applications, such as upholstery, drapery, and bedding. Its durability and strength make it a popular choice for these applications, as it can withstand repeated use and maintain its appearance over time.

One of the downsides of gabardine fabric is that it can be prone to shrinking if not cared for properly. It is important to follow care instructions carefully to avoid damaging the fabric or causing it to lose its shape or size.

Gabardine fabric has a long history, dating back to the early 20th century. It was first developed by Thomas Burberry, the founder of the famous British fashion house, who used it to create his iconic trench coats. Since then, gabardine fabric has become a staple in the fashion industry and is used by designers and manufacturers around the world.

In recent years, advances in textile technology have led to the development of new types of gabardine fabric, such as stretch gabardine and eco-friendly gabardine. These fabrics offer additional benefits, such as increased comfort and sustainability, and are gaining popularity in the fashion and textile industries.

In summary, gabardine is a type of twill-woven fabric that is known for its durability, strength, and water-resistant properties. It is commonly made from wool and is a tightly woven fabric with a smooth finish. Gabardine fabric is used in a range of textile applications, including clothing, upholstery, and bedding. Its ability to hold a crease and water-resistant properties make it ideal for use in formalwear and outerwear. Advances in textile technology have led to the development of new types of gabardine fabric, expanding its range of possibilities for designers and manufacturers.
A tightly woven, twilled, worsted fabric in cotton, rayon or a blend with slight diagonal lines on the face and a raised twill. Wool gabardine is known as a year-round fabric for business suits and wears extremely well. It has a clear finish, tightly woven, firm, durable, rather lustrous, but it can be given a dull finish. Inclined to shine with wear and is hard to press properly. Used in men's and women's tailored suits, coats, raincoats, uniforms, and men's shirts.
Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats and trousers, or a garment made from the material. The fibre used to make the fabric is traditionally worsted (a woolen yarn), but may also be cotton, synthetic or mixed. The fabric is smooth on one side and has a diagonally ribbed surface on the other.

The fabric takes its name from the garment, the gaberdine, which is a long, loose overgarment tied at the waist. This was commonly worn in Europe in the Middle Ages by pilgrims, beggars and almsmen, and for some time later by many European Jews

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