Garment twist is a term used in the textile industry to describe the direction and degree of twist in yarns used to create woven or knitted fabrics. It refers to the spiral configuration of individual fibers within the yarn and how tightly they are twisted together. The garment twist significantly influences the appearance, drape, and performance characteristics of the final fabric.
Twist is imparted to yarns during the spinning process, where fibers are twisted together to form a continuous thread. The direction of twist can be either S-twist (left-hand twist) or Z-twist (right-hand twist). The twist direction is determined by the direction in which the fibers are twisted during spinning. In the case of S-twist, fibers are twisted in a counterclockwise direction, while Z-twist involves twisting fibers in a clockwise direction.
Garment twist plays a crucial role in the overall structure and behavior of fabrics. It affects several aspects, including fabric stability, elasticity, resilience, and crease resistance. Fabrics with a higher twist tend to be more resilient and have better wrinkle recovery, while lower twist fabrics may have more drape and softness. The choice of garment twist depends on the desired characteristics of the fabric and its intended end-use.
The garment twist is particularly important in the production of woven and knitted garments, where different twists can result in distinctive fabric properties. For instance, fabrics with a high twist are commonly used in applications such as shirting fabrics and suiting materials, as they offer excellent crease resistance and maintain a crisp appearance. On the other hand, fabrics with a lower twist, such as those used in jersey knits, provide greater drape and stretch, making them suitable for more relaxed and comfortable clothing.
Some of the top users and manufacturers of garment twist in the textile industry include renowned fashion brands, textile mills, and garment manufacturers. These companies understand the importance of garment twist in achieving the desired fabric characteristics and work closely with yarn suppliers to ensure the appropriate twist for their specific requirements.
Luxury fashion brands like Armani, Gucci, and Chanel are known to be particular about the twist in their fabrics. They often demand custom yarns with specific twist parameters to create fabrics that meet their high-quality standards and design aesthetics. These brands typically collaborate with textile mills and manufacturers specializing in producing fine fabrics to achieve the desired garment twist.
Textile mills that focus on producing high-quality yarns, such as Zegna Baruffa Lane Borgosesia and Cariaggi Fine Yarns, also play a significant role in the manufacturing of fabrics with specific garment twists. They invest in advanced spinning techniques and closely monitor the twist levels during production to ensure consistency and precision. These mills cater to the demands of luxury fashion brands, as well as other manufacturers that prioritize fine textiles.
In conclusion, garment twist is a critical factor in textile production, influencing the appearance, performance, and characteristics of fabrics. The choice of twist direction and degree significantly impacts the final fabric's drape, resilience, and crease resistance. Fashion brands, textile mills, and manufacturers that prioritize high-quality textiles work closely together to achieve the desired garment twist, ensuring that their fabrics meet the standards and expectations of discerning consumers.
A rotation, usually lateral, between different panels of a garment resulting from the release of latent stresses during laundering of the woven or knitted fabric forming the garment. Twist may also be referred to as Torque or Spirality.