What is "Heather" - Definition & Explanation

In textiles, heather refers to a fabric that is made from yarns that are composed of two or more different colored fibers. Heather fabrics are known for their distinctive appearance, which is created by the random intermingling of different colored fibers within the yarn.

The term "heather" comes from the Scottish word "haethr," which means "heather plant." This name was chosen because the colors of the heather plant are similar to the muted, earthy tones that are commonly used in heather fabrics.

Heather fabrics can be made from a variety of different fibers, including wool, cotton, and synthetic materials like polyester and acrylic. The fibers used in heather yarns are typically dyed before they are spun into yarn, creating a range of different shades and tones that are blended together to create the final heather effect.

There are several different types of heather fabrics, each with its own unique characteristics and applications. One popular type of heather fabric is heather jersey, which is made from a blend of cotton and polyester fibers. Heather jersey is known for its softness and comfort, and is often used in the production of t-shirts, sweatshirts, and other casual clothing items.

Another type of heather fabric is heather tweed, which is made from a blend of wool and other fibers. Heather tweed is characterized by its rough, textured surface, and is often used in the production of jackets, coats, and other outerwear.

Heather fabrics can be used to create a wide range of different looks and styles. Depending on the fiber content and color palette used in the yarn, heather fabrics can be used to create a range of different effects, from subtle and understated to bold and eye-catching.

One of the benefits of heather fabrics is their versatility. They can be used to create a range of different styles and looks, and can be combined with other fabrics and textures to create unique and interesting designs. They are also easy to care for and maintain, making them a popular choice for a variety of different applications.

Overall, heather fabrics are a popular choice in the textile industry due to their unique and distinctive appearance. Whether used in casual clothing items or in more formal applications, heather fabrics are a versatile and stylish option that can add depth and texture to any design.
A yarn that is spun using pre-dyed fibers. These fibers are blended together to give a particular look. (For example, black and white may be blended together to create a grey heathered yarn.) The term, heather, may also be used to describe the fabric made from heathered yarns.
A misty coloration which is achieved by twisting more than color together for additional color interest or more than one fiber type for textural interest. Examples: TLC Heathers and select Lion Wool Ease.
In clothing, heather refers to interwoven yarns of mixed colors producing muted greyish shades with flecks of color (i.e., heather green.)
Blended fibers combined to create a vari-colored effect; eg heather gray. Heathered fabric typically contains 3 fibers: cotton, polyester or rayon.
Yarn that is spun together using pre-colored (different colored) fibers, which are blended to give the desired effect.
A subtle multicolored effect produced by commingling yarns or spinning blended fibers of different colors together.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Dacron is a type of polyester fiber that is widely used in the textile industry. It is known for its durability, resilience, and versatility, making it a popular choice for a wide range of textile...
The Super grading system is used to grade the quality of wool fabric. The higher the number, the more yarn is packed in per square inch, therefore all things being equal a super 120s yarn is better...
Mordants are after-fixing chemicals essential to impart some degree of colour fastness performance to most natural dyes and some synthetic ones. They are typically metal salts and therefore decidedly...
A cotton yarn that has been carded but not combed. Carded yarns contain a wider range of fiber lengths and, as a result, are not as uniform or as strong as combed yarns. They are considerably cheaper...
A fibre formed by the conjunction at a spinning jet, of two fibre-forming polymers of different properties. NOTE: a) The two components may be caused to merge approximately side by side...

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