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What is "Stitch" - Definition & Explanation

A stitch is a single turn or loop of the thread or yarn in sewing, knitting, and embroidery.
A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Top) - A second row of stitching close to the edge of a seam, after two or more pieces of fabric have been sewed together and turned to bury the raw seam margin side.
(Baste) - A stitching which holds the fabric in place until permanent stitching has been completed.
(Contrasting) - When the stitching thread contrasts the garment color.
(Blind) - A stich that is not visible on one side of the fabric.
(Zig-zag) - A stitch made on a sewing machine in which the needle bar comes down alternately on the right and left side of an imaginary center line. Also refers to the type of machine producing this stitch.
(safety) - A combination chain-stitch and overedge stitch made simultaneously on the same sewing machine.
(hand/class 200) - A stitch formed by hand with one or more needles---one thread per needle passing in and out of the material.
(Lock/class 300) - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interface each other. The loops of needle threads are passed through the material where they are secured by bobbin threads.
(Dbl. lock/class 400 - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Flat seam/class 600) - Multi-needle stitches that provide the elasticity necessary for knits.
(overedge/class 500) - A stitch formed with one or more groups of threads at least one of which passes around the edge of the material.
(Chain/Class 100) - A stitch formed with one or more needle threads, the look=ps of which are passed through the material and through the loops of the preceding threads.
(Backstitch) - Used at the beginning and end of stitching to reinforce and prevent raveling. Also called backtack or stay-stitch.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Silk fabric brocaded with silver and gold. The metal thread used for brocading is made from a fine strand of flattened metal wound over a core of silk, using yellow silk under gold, and white silk...
Two Or More Layers Of Fabric Which Have Been Stitched Through, Often With Batting . The Stitching Forms A Pattern, Most Commonly A Square Or Diamond Shape. Used For Apparel, Bedspreads, Sleeping...
Two separate fabrics faces knitted independently and then connected by a separate spacer yarn. These fabrics can be produced on both circular and flat knitting machines. Spacer fabrics have the...
Recycled or remanufactured wool which is of inferior quality compared to the original wool. Historically generated from loosely woven materials. Benjamin Law invented shoddy and mungo, as such, in...
Fabrics that are not from natural origins. Synthetics include manmade polyesters and polyvinyl fiber derivatives such as Acrylic, Nylon and Spandex that have been synthesized from petroleum and...

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