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What is "Stitch" - Definition & Explanation

A stitch is a single turn or loop of the thread or yarn in sewing, knitting, and embroidery.
A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Top) - A second row of stitching close to the edge of a seam, after two or more pieces of fabric have been sewed together and turned to bury the raw seam margin side.
(Baste) - A stitching which holds the fabric in place until permanent stitching has been completed.
(Contrasting) - When the stitching thread contrasts the garment color.
(Blind) - A stich that is not visible on one side of the fabric.
(Zig-zag) - A stitch made on a sewing machine in which the needle bar comes down alternately on the right and left side of an imaginary center line. Also refers to the type of machine producing this stitch.
(safety) - A combination chain-stitch and overedge stitch made simultaneously on the same sewing machine.
(hand/class 200) - A stitch formed by hand with one or more needles---one thread per needle passing in and out of the material.
(Lock/class 300) - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interface each other. The loops of needle threads are passed through the material where they are secured by bobbin threads.
(Dbl. lock/class 400 - A stitch formed with two or more groups of threads that interlace each other. The loops of needle thread are passed through the material where they are secured by looper threads; no bobbins used. This stitching ravels in one direction.
(Flat seam/class 600) - Multi-needle stitches that provide the elasticity necessary for knits.
(overedge/class 500) - A stitch formed with one or more groups of threads at least one of which passes around the edge of the material.
(Chain/Class 100) - A stitch formed with one or more needle threads, the look=ps of which are passed through the material and through the loops of the preceding threads.
(Backstitch) - Used at the beginning and end of stitching to reinforce and prevent raveling. Also called backtack or stay-stitch.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The generic name for fibres composed of synthetic linear macromolecules that have in the chain recurring amide groups, at least 85% of which are joined directly to two aromatic rings and in which...
The bias direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as 'the bias', is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads. Every piece of woven fabric has two biases, perpendicular to...
Extruded yarn that has been subjected to a stretching or drawing process which orientates the long-chain molecules of which the yarn is composed, in the direction of the filament axis. NOTE: On...
A method of resist dyeing which employs wax as the resist. The pattern is covered with wax, and the fabric is then dyed: the wax patterns will not take the dye. The wax is removed after dyeing by...
The number of warp ends and picks per inch in a woven fabric. If a cloth is 68 X 72, it means there are 68 ends and 72 picks per inch in a woven fabric. A cloth that has the same number of ends and...

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