Jaspe is a textile term that refers to a fabric with a mottled or variegated appearance, created by twisting together different colored yarns. The word "jaspe" comes from the French word "jasp?", which means "marbled" or "variegated".
The process of creating jaspe fabric involves using a combination of colored yarns, typically in two or more shades, and twisting them together in a way that creates a variegated effect. The twisting can be done in different ways, including by hand or by using a machine. The resulting fabric can have a subtle or more pronounced marbled effect, depending on the thickness of the yarns used and the method of twisting.
Jaspe fabric can be made from a variety of fibers, including cotton, wool, silk, and synthetic materials. The texture and weight of the fabric can vary depending on the fiber used and the method of twisting. For example, jaspe cotton fabric is lightweight and breathable, making it ideal for warm weather clothing like shirts and dresses.
Jaspe fabric is often used in traditional clothing styles, particularly in Latin American and Central American cultures. In these regions, jaspe fabric is often used to make colorful woven garments like ponchos, shawls, and blankets. In Mexico, jaspe fabric is known as "ikat" and is used to create traditional woven designs. In Guatemala, jaspe fabric is called "jaspeado" and is used to make traditional Mayan clothing.
Jaspe fabric is also used in contemporary fashion, particularly in clothing and accessories that feature a bohemian or eclectic style. Jaspe fabric can be found in a range of clothing styles, including shirts, dresses, skirts, and pants. It is also used in accessories like scarves, bags, and hats.
Some of the top manufacturers of jaspe fabric include Guatemalan textile company Maya Traditions, Mexican weaving cooperative Jolom Mayaetik, and Peruvian fair trade brand Awamaki. These companies work with traditional artisans to create jaspe fabric using traditional weaving techniques and natural dyes.
In addition to these manufacturers, jaspe fabric is also popular among independent fashion designers and makers. Many independent designers incorporate jaspe fabric into their collections to add color and texture to their designs. Some designers also use jaspe fabric as a way to support traditional weaving techniques and the artisans who create them.
Overall, jaspe fabric is a unique and versatile textile that is prized for its variegated appearance and cultural significance. Whether used in traditional or contemporary clothing styles, jaspe fabric adds a pop of color and texture that can elevate any outfit.
A woven fabric with a series of faint stripes formed by the arrangement of light, medium, and dark warp yarns or by twisting together 2 yarns of different colors. Used for drapery, upholstery, suitings.