What is "Jig" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 02-Mar-2023 (1 year, 2 months, 26 days ago)
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The term "jig" in textile refers to a specialized device or apparatus used in various stages of textile production to aid in processes such as dyeing, printing, and finishing. Jigs play a crucial role in controlling and maintaining the quality and consistency of textile products. This article provides a detailed exploration of the meaning, types, history, handling tips, and top international users or manufacturers of jigs in the textile industry.

Meaning and Definition

In textile production, a jig can be defined as a mechanical device or tool used to hold, support, or manipulate fabric or yarn during specific processes. The purpose of a jig is to ensure precision, efficiency, and uniformity in textile production, particularly in operations where consistent patterns, colors, or finishes are required.

Types of Jigs

Jigs used in the textile industry can be classified into several types, depending on their specific functions and applications:

  1. Dyeing Jig: A dyeing jig is used in the dyeing process to hold and immerse fabric or yarn in dye baths. It ensures even and thorough color penetration, allowing for consistent and vibrant dyeing results.
  2. Printing Jig: Printing jigs are employed in textile printing, particularly in techniques like block printing or screen printing. These jigs securely hold the fabric in place, allowing for accurate registration of patterns and designs during the printing process.
  3. Finishing Jig: Finishing jigs are used in various finishing processes, such as starching, bleaching, or applying coatings to fabric. They help control the application of finishing agents and ensure uniform treatment across the textile surface.
  4. Warping Jig: Warping jigs are utilized in the preparation of warp yarns for weaving. They facilitate the precise winding of yarns onto a warp beam, ensuring proper tension and alignment.
  5. Knitting Jig: Knitting jigs are specific to the production of knitted fabrics. They hold the needles or hooks and guide the yarn to create various knitting stitches and patterns.

History and Origin

The use of jigs in textile production dates back centuries, with the exact origin difficult to pinpoint due to its long history. However, the concept of using devices to assist in textile processes can be traced to ancient civilizations like Egypt, China, and India.

In ancient Egypt, for instance, loom weights made of stone or clay were used as early jigs to maintain tension and facilitate the weaving process. Similarly, ancient Chinese and Indian textile traditions utilized various tools and devices to aid in dyeing, printing, and fabric manipulation.

Over time, with advancements in technology and industrialization, jigs became more sophisticated and specialized, allowing for greater precision, efficiency, and output in textile production.

Tips in Handling Jigs

Proper handling of jigs is essential to ensure their effectiveness and longevity. Here are some tips to consider:

  • Regular Maintenance: Perform routine cleaning, lubrication, and inspection of jigs to prevent damage, ensure smooth operation, and prolong their lifespan.
  • Proper Calibration: Ensure jigs are calibrated correctly to maintain precise measurements and alignments during textile processes.
  • Training and Skill Development: Provide training to operators or technicians to ensure they are familiar with the specific jig systems and understand how to handle them effectively.
  • Quality Control: Implement quality control measures to monitor the performance and output of jigs, ensuring they meet the desired standards and specifications.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Several renowned international textile brands utilize jigs in their production processes. Here are some notable users and manufacturers:

  1. Fast Retailing Co., Ltd.: Fast Retailing, the parent company of brands like UNIQLO, utilizes jigs in their textile production, ensuring precise dyeing, printing, and finishing processes.
  2. Inditex Group: Inditex, the parent company of brands like Zara, employs jigs in their textile manufacturing operations to maintain high-quality standards and consistency in their products.
  3. Aditya Birla Group: Aditya Birla Group, a multinational conglomerate, utilizes jigs in their textile production facilities to aid in dyeing, printing, and finishing processes.
  4. LVMH Mot Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE: LVMH, a leading luxury goods conglomerate, utilizes jigs in their textile production to ensure precise fabric treatment and maintain the highest quality standards.
  5. Toray Industries, Inc.: Toray Industries, a global manufacturer of textiles and chemicals, incorporates jigs in their production processes to achieve consistent and uniform results.


Jigs play a significant role in the textile industry, facilitating various processes and ensuring precision, consistency, and efficiency in textile production. From dyeing and printing to finishing and weaving, jigs contribute to the quality and uniformity of textile products. Proper handling, maintenance, and calibration of jigs are crucial for their optimal performance. The top international users and manufacturers of jigs demonstrate their importance and widespread adoption across the textile industry, further emphasizing their significance in achieving high-quality textile outputs.

A dyeing machine in which fabric, in open width, is transferred repeatedly from one roller to another and passes each time through a dyebath of relatively small volume.


Jigs are also frequently used for scouring, bleaching and finishing.

An open dyeing machine where fabric is passed from one roller to another through a small volume dyebath. These machines can also be used for scouring and bleaching of small job lots.
A device used to hold pieces of material into position during fabrication.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A Lightweight , Sheer, Plain Weave Fabric With A Dull Surface, A Soft Hand , And Good Drape. It Is Made With Fine High Twisted Yarns And Has An Even Or Close To Even Number Of Threads Per Inch In The...
Single textile material with addition of an extra warp of filling added for weight and warmth. The extra warp or filling ma is of wool, worsted, cotton, or other yarns. This type of construction is...
a) Crimpled Length The extent of crimped fibre substantially freed from external restraint, and measured with respect to its general axis of orientation. b) Fibre Extent The distance in a given...
A twill weave in silk, rayon, or very fine, worsted cotton. A very soft, light fabric that is noted for its soft finish and feel. It is usually printed with small figures on a dark or light...
Algaecide is a chemical agent used to prevent the growth and spread of algae in various textile applications, including pools, spas, and water features. Algae are single-celled organisms that grow...

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