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4,558 Textile Terms Explained

Cover Factor

(Woven Fabrics) A number that indicates the extent to which the area of a fabric is covered by one set of threads. For any woven fabric, there are two cover factors: a warp cover factor and a weft...

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Melt-Spinning: A Deep Dive into Synthetic Fiber Production

Some polymeric fibres are spun by melting the polymer to a liquid state. The liquid is forced through the spinner opening under pressure and cooled by a jet of air to form the filament. Nylon can be...

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Tri-acetate

A manufactured fiber, which, like acetate, is made by modifying cellulose. Tri-acetate is less absorbent and less sensitive to high temperatures than acetate. It can be hand or machine washed and...

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Pile Weave

A type of decorative weave in which a pile is formed by additional warp or filling yarns interlaced in such a way that loops are formed on the surface or face of the fabric. The loops may be left...

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Galatea

Galatea is a type of fabric that is commonly used in clothing and home furnishings. It is a heavyweight, plain weave cotton fabric that is characterized by its high-quality texture, durability, and...

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Eco

Of or relating to habitat or household, mostly used as a prefix related to ecology. Eco comes from the ancient Greek word "oikos" (house). e. g. eco-label, eco-friendly, eco-shopping. Within the...

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Aprons Unraveled: From Culinary to Creative - History, Types, and More

An apron is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body. It may be worn for hygienic reasons as well as in order to protect clothes from wear and tear. The apron is...

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Spun Silk's Evolution: From Ancient China to Modern Fabric

Spun Silk: Discovering the Fabric of RoyaltySpun Silk embodies the luxurious allure of silk with a more versatile and forgiving texture. This textile is the product of shorter silk fibersthose not...

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T-shirt

A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt, usually with short sleeves and a round neck, put on over the head, usually without pockets (though terms such as long-sleeved T-shirt and sleeveless T-shirt are...

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Abassi Fibre

Abassi fiber, also known as abaca or Manila hemp, is a natural fiber extracted from the leaf sheath of the abaca plant (Musa textilis). The abaca plant is a species of banana native to the...

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Sheraton

Sheraton is a late 18th century neoclassical English furniture style, in vogue ca 1785 - 1800, that was named afterwards (by 19th century collectors and dealers) to credit furniture designer Thomas...

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Spin Drawing

Spin drawing is a textile technique that involves the creation of intricate designs and patterns on fabric using specialized spinning equipment. It is a unique and innovative method that combines...

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Shirts

In the world of fashion and textile, shirts are a versatile and essential garment worn by individuals of all ages and genders. This article provides an in-depth understanding of shirts, including...

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Presser Foot

A part of the sewing machine that holds the fabric down to help it feed through the machine evenly. There are many different kinds of presser feet, each designed to make a particular sewing task...

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Jumper Narratives: From Fishermen to Fashion Runways

A jumper dress or simply jumper (British English: pinafore dress, pinafore, pinny), is a sleeveless, collarless dress intended to be worn over a blouse or sweater. There is sometimes confusion over...

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Chintz

A usually glazed printed cotton fabric with bright figures, large flower designs, birds and other designs. It also comes in plain colors. Chintz can use several types of glaze. This glazed cotton is...

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Findings

In the context of textiles, "findings" refers to the various accessories and hardware used in the production of garments, such as zippers, buttons, buckles, snaps, hooks and eyes, grommets, and...

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Dress Shirt Designs: Weaving Through History to Modern Elegance

A dress shirt is a shirt that consists of a collar, allowing for the use of a necktie, and buttons down the front, as a basic definition. It is commonly thought of in fashion culture, that a shirt is...

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Tarlatan

Tarlatan is a starched, open-weave fabric, much like cheese cloth. It is used to wipe the ink off a plate during the intaglio inking process. The open weave allows for the tarlatan to pick up a large...

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Eastlake

Furniture design that stressed simplicity of form, which was first employed by English furniture maker Charles L. Eastlake in 1868. An Eastlake chair usually has rounded front legs on casters,...

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Knit Fabrics

Fabrics made from only one set of yarns, all running in the same direction. Some knits have their yarns running along the length of the fabric, while others have their yarns running across the width...

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Carbonisation

A chemical process for eliminating vegetable matter from animal fibres such as wool by degrading it to an easily friable (readily crumbled) condition. The process usually involves treatment with an...

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Olefirn

(polyolefin/polypropylene) - A manufactured fiber characterized by its light weight, high strength, and abrasion resistance. Olefin is also good at transporting moisture, creating a wicking action....

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Chantilly Lace

This lace has a net background, and the pattern is created by embroidering with thread and ribbon to create floral designs. The pattern has areas of design that are very dense, and the pattern is...

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Pack Dyeing

The forced circulation of dye liquor through packages of fibre, yarn or fabric, without limitation of temperature. NOTE: The use of the term "pressure dyeing" in this connection is deprecated. (See...

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Beauty of Suede: The Ultimate Guide to Handling and Beyond

Suede in Textile: Meaning, Definition, and ExplanationSuede is a luxurious and versatile material widely used in the textile industry. It is a type of leather with a soft, velvety surface created by...

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Pallium

pallium a white woolen band with pendants in front and back worn over the chasuble by a pope or archbishop as a symbol of full Episcopal authority; a rectangular cloth worn as a cloak by men of...

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Drop Needle

Drop Needle is a technique commonly used in textile manufacturing that involves creating unique patterns and textures in fabrics. It is a type of knitting technique that produces a distinctive...

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High Visability Fabrics

Fabrics that contain fluorescent materials in order to make the wearer visible in dim and dark lights. These fabrics have the ability to reflect on-coming lights, which cause them to glow in the...

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Leno Weave: An Intricate Journey from Ancient Nets to Modern Textiles

Leno Weave: An Unfolding Thread in TextilesThe term 'Leno' in textiles refers to a particular weave type characterized by its strength, transparency, and twist manipulation. Leno weave's origins...

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Weft knit

Weft knit is a common type of knitted fabric construction in the textile industry. It refers to a method of creating fabric where a single yarn is interlaced horizontally or side to side. The yarn,...

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Edge Tape

The use of edge tape is a crucial aspect of textile manufacturing, providing functional and aesthetic benefits to various products. This article delves into the meaning, history, types, tips for...

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