What is "Looper" - Definition & Explanation

In textile manufacturing, a looper refers to a vital component in a textile machine known as a loop pile fabric manufacturing machine. The looper plays a crucial role in creating loops or pile loops on the fabric surface, which gives the fabric its distinctive texture and appearance.

The process of creating loop pile fabric involves the interlacing of two sets of yarns: the ground yarns and the pile yarns. The ground yarns form the base fabric, while the pile yarns are responsible for creating the loops on the fabric surface. The looper is responsible for manipulating the pile yarns to form the loops during the weaving or knitting process.

A looper consists of a curved or hooked structure that guides the pile yarns in a specific path, allowing them to form loops. It is typically positioned above or below the fabric, depending on the type of textile machine being used. As the fabric is woven or knitted, the looper lifts or lowers the pile yarns at predetermined intervals, creating loops in the fabric.

The design and configuration of the looper vary depending on the specific type of loop pile fabric being produced. There are different types of loopers, such as needle loopers used in knitting machines and looper bars used in weaving machines. Each type is designed to work in conjunction with other components of the textile machine to achieve the desired fabric structure.

Loopers are used in the production of various loop pile fabrics, including terry cloth, velour, and certain types of carpeting. Terry cloth, commonly used in towels and bathrobes, is created by forming loops on one or both sides of the fabric. Velour, often used in upholstery and apparel, has a soft, plush texture created by closely spaced loops on one side. Loop pile carpets, found in residential and commercial settings, offer comfort and durability due to the loops formed by the looper.

Leading manufacturers in the textile industry utilize loopers in their production processes. These manufacturers often specialize in loop pile fabrics or have a broad range of textile products that incorporate loop pile techniques. For example, companies like Welspun, Springs Global, and Dystar are prominent players in the production of terry cloth and towels. They use loopers in their weaving machines to create the loops that give terry cloth its absorbent and plush properties.

Additionally, textile machinery manufacturers like Karl Mayer, Stšubli, and Picanol are instrumental in producing and supplying machines with efficient looper systems. These companies offer a wide range of textile machines, including knitting machines and weaving looms, equipped with advanced looper mechanisms. Their machines cater to the diverse needs of textile manufacturers, allowing them to produce high-quality loop pile fabrics efficiently.

In summary, loopers are essential components in textile machines used for creating loop pile fabrics. They guide the pile yarns to form loops, resulting in unique textures and appearances in fabrics such as terry cloth, velour, and loop pile carpets. Prominent textile manufacturers specializing in these fabrics, along with textile machinery manufacturers supplying efficient looper systems, play significant roles in the production of loop pile textiles. As the demand for loop pile fabrics continues to grow in various industries, the use of loopers remains integral to achieving the desired fabric structures and properties.
An eyed stitch-forming element which carries an under thread or a cover thread on some types of sewing machine.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

An apron is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body. It may be worn for hygienic reasons as well as in order to protect clothes from wear and tear. The apron is...
Ultraleather is a type of synthetic leather that is used in a variety of different textile applications. It is known for its durability, comfort, and aesthetic appeal, and is often used as an...
A general classification of fabric characterized by a broad range of crinkled or gained surface effects. Methods of making crepe include the use of hard twisted yarns, special chemical treatment,...
Denim, in American usage since the late 18th century, denotes a rugged cotton twill textile, in which the weft passes under two (twi- "double") or more warp fibers, producing the familiar diagonal...
A pre-shrinkage process which involves the dampening with a sponge to woolen and worsted fabrics. The process is accomplished by rolling in moist muslin, or by steaming. This procedure is performed...

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Looper:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Looper, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

(s) 2023 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap