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What is "Micron" - Definition & Explanation

A unit of measure that describes the average staple fiber diameter in a lot of wool. Over he past 30 years, the Micron measurement has evolved to become the predominant term used commercially to describe the fineness of a wool fiber. A Micron is determined by the actual measurement when the wool lots are tested for sale during wool processing. Most wool fibers range in the area of 18-40 micron. Merino wool falls into the 18-24 micron range. The 25-32 micron, medium range wool, is usually defined by the word 'Shetland', and is used in such applications as blankets and knitwear apparel. The 33-40 range Micron usually describes the wool most often used in the carpet industry.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A textile weave consisting of double threads interlaced to produce a checkered pattern similar to that of a woven basket. Also called hopsack or matt weave. The weave is 2/2. A variation of the plain...
a) The degree of parallelism of fibres, usually as a result of a combing or attenuating action on fibre assemblies that causes the fibres to be substantially parallel to the main axis of the web or...
Shaded or directional design that requires all parts of the garment to be cut in the same direction. May result from the print or weave of the fabric or the way the fabric is made. Velvet,...
A silk, rayon, or manufactured fiber necktie fabric with a broken rib weave and a characteristic pebbly appearance. A fine, dress fabric with a silk warp and worsted filling, woven in a broken...
Narrow width between the seam line and the raw edge of the fabric. Seam allowances vary depending on where they occur on the garment and the manufacturers' specifications. Home sewing patterns...

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