TextileGlossary.com

What is "Moire" - Definition & Explanation

A wavy watermark pattern produced by calendering 2 layers of fabric together or embossing with an engraved roller. This causes the embossed or crushed parts of the fabric to reflect light differently. It is often done on corded fabrics and is often used for upholstery and drapery.
Silk, rayon, or cotton in a plain or crosswise rib weave. It has a watermarked finish that is fairly stiff with body in most cases. It is produced by passing the fabric between engraved cylinders which press the design into the material, causing the crushed and uncrushed parts to reflect the light differently. The pattern is not permanent, except on acetate rayon.
A fabric which when subjected to heat or pressure exhibits a rippled appearance due to differences in surface reflections.
A watered silk or wood grain effect printed or embossed on the decorative surface of wallpaper.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

The thin compressed edge of a woven fabric which runs parallel to the warp yarns and prevents raveling. It is usually woven, utilizing tougher yarns and a tighter construction than the rest of the...
All materials emit energy by thermal radiation as a result of their temperature. The amount of energy or radiant heat reflected depends on the surface temperature. The higher the surface temperature...
A process which reduces the linear density of an assembly of fibres. Drafting typically occurs in the early stages of producing yarns from staple fibres. Draw spinning: A process for spinning...
A part of the sewing machine that holds the fabric down to help it feed through the machine evenly. There are many different kinds of presser feet, each designed to make a particular sewing task...
Any filament, fibre, or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. The word originally referred only to woven fabrics but now includes knitted, bonded, felted, and...

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