TextileGlossary.com

What is "Natural Fibers" - Definition & Explanation

Materials that grow in nature such as cotton, flax, hemp, alpaca, wool and silk. The processing natural fibers into organic clothing is done with as few chemicals and harmful impact on the environment as possible.
All fibers made out of plants, animal and mineral sources belong to the group of natural fibers. Various conditions in climate, plantation or breed of animal can influence the characteristic and quality of the fiber.
Australian Wool, for example, is different in its texture from Scottish wool. With the exception of ‘endless’ silk thread, natural fibers are staple yarns (elongated single cells).
In the group of vegetable fibers you will find yarns such as Cotton, Linen, Hemp, Jute, Ramie, Sisal.

In the group of animal fibers you will find yarns such as Wool, Mohair, Horsehair, Goat hair, Silk.

A general term for fibers derived from natural substances such as cellulose, proteins and minerals.
Fibers that were not created by people, such as cotton, linen, wool, and silk.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A process of opening and cleaning textile fibers-usually cotton – which separates fibers from each other, lays them parallel, forms them into a thin web, and then condenses them into a single...
Jute is a long, soft, shiny plant fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibres, and is second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses....
A very fine, all-silk tulle which originated in France. It has a cobweb appearance. Hexagonal open mesh. Made in 52 inch and 72 inch widths. Used in veils, particularly for weddings, trimmings....
A traditional fabric utilizing a satin weave construction to achieve a lustrous fabric surface. Satin is a traditional fabric for evening and wedding garments. Typical examples of satin weave fabrics...
Indentation Load Deflection (ILD) refers to the firmness of a piece of foam. The lab puts a 4" x 15" x 15" piece of foam on a flat surface. Then a round metal plate, 8" in diameter, pushes down on...

Companies for Natural Fibers:


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