TextileGlossary.com

What is "Spinneret" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 30-Jun-2024 (14 days ago)
Share on FacebookShare on Twitter
Spinneret
Spinneret is a vital component used in the textile industry for the production of synthetic fibers, such as polyester, nylon, and acrylic. It plays a crucial role in the process of extruding molten polymer into fine filaments, which are then solidified to create synthetic fibers. The spinneret is essentially a metal plate or disc with tiny holes, called spinneret orifices, through which the molten polymer is forced to form continuous filaments.

The spinneret orifices are precision-engineered and can vary in size and shape depending on the desired fiber properties. These orifices are typically cylindrical, rectangular, or cross-shaped, and their arrangement on the spinneret plate determines the filament's cross-sectional shape. By controlling the number, size, and arrangement of the orifices, manufacturers can produce fibers with specific characteristics like thickness, strength, and texture.

The spinneret manufacturing process involves several steps. Initially, the spinneret plate is fabricated from materials like stainless steel or other high-strength alloys to withstand the high pressures and temperatures involved in fiber extrusion. The orifices are then formed on the plate using advanced machining techniques, such as laser drilling or electroforming, to ensure precise dimensions and surface smoothness. The spinneret plate is finally fitted into a spinneret holder, which connects it to the extrusion equipment.

Top Users/Manufacturers of Spinneret:

DuPont: DuPont is a prominent manufacturer of spinnerets and has been a key player in the textile industry for decades. They offer a wide range of spinneret designs for various fiber types, including nylon and polyester. DuPont's spinnerets are known for their exceptional precision, durability, and reliability, making them a preferred choice for many textile producers.

Toray Industries: Toray Industries is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in advanced materials and fibers. They are renowned for their innovative spinneret technologies and have a significant presence in the synthetic fiber market. Toray's spinnerets are known for their high-performance capabilities and are used in the production of fibers for various applications, including apparel, industrial textiles, and automotive components.

Far Eastern New Century (FENC): FENC is a leading global textile manufacturer based in Taiwan. They have established themselves as a major supplier of spinnerets for synthetic fiber production. FENC's spinnerets are known for their superior quality and precision, enabling the production of high-performance fibers used in a wide range of industries.

A. Monforts Textilmaschinen GmbH & Co. KG: Monforts is a German company specializing in textile machinery and equipment. They are renowned for their expertise in spinneret design and manufacture. Monforts' spinnerets are recognized for their excellent engineering and longevity, providing efficient and reliable performance in fiber extrusion processes.

China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec): Sinopec is a Chinese state-owned oil and gas company that has a significant presence in the textile industry. They are one of the largest manufacturers of spinnerets globally, catering to the growing demand for synthetic fibers in China and other markets. Sinopec's spinnerets are widely used in the production of polyester and polypropylene fibers.

These are just a few examples of the top users and manufacturers of spinnerets in the textile industry. There are numerous other companies around the world that specialize in spinneret production and supply, each offering their unique expertise and technologies to support the synthetic fiber manufacturing sector.
Spinneret
A metal nozzle type device with very fine holes used in the spinning process of manufactured fibers. The spinning solution is forced or extruded through the small holes to form continuous filament fibers. The holes in the spinneret can vary in diameter to produce fibers of various denier.

Some more terms:

Triacetate

A manufactured fiber, which like acetate, is made by modifying cellulose. However, even more acetate groups have been added to create this fiber. Triacetate is less absorbent and less sensitive to...

Read about Triacetate

Awning Stripe

The term "Awning Stripe" refers to a specific type of pattern commonly used in textiles, characterized by bold, horizontal stripes of equal width. The design is inspired by traditional awnings used...

Read about Awning Stripe

Balanced Cloth

Balanced cloth, in the context of textiles, refers to a type of fabric construction where the number of warp and weft threads per inch is equal, resulting in a symmetrical and evenly woven fabric. It...

Read about Balanced Cloth

Linters

Linters are the short fibers left on the cotton seed after the longer fibers have been removed. Although the fibers are too short for spinning or cloth making, they are useful in paper pulp. The...

Read about Linters

Water-Based Products and Finishes

An environmentally-friendly alternative. These products and finishes are nonflammable and odorless. They offer reduced exposure to toxic materials and help reduce environmental pollution. Water-based...

Read about Water-Based Products and Finishes

Yarn slippage

The resulting opening of the weave when fabric lacks the tensile strength to prevent shifting at the seams. When you apply force, the yarns in the fabric slip to open up the weave, but not the seam...

Read about Yarn slippage

Vinyon

A synthetic fiber polymer made from polyvinyl chloride. In some countries other than the United States, vinyon fibers are referred to as polyvinyl chloride fibers and is similar in nature to vinyl....

Read about Vinyon

Ballerina Neckline

The Ballerina Neckline is a style of neckline commonly used in garments, particularly in women's clothing. It is characterized by a high and rounded neckline that closely resembles the necklines seen...

Read about Ballerina Neckline

Add a definition

Add a definition for a textile term that you know about! Send us an email & tell us:
  • The term you want to define
  • Its definition in 500 words or less
  • Attach an image if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Companies for Spinneret:

If you manufacture, distribute or otherwise deal in Spinneret, please fill your company details below so that we can list your company for FREE! Send us the following details:
  • Company name
  • Company address
  • Attach a logo, if necessary.
  • Optionally, tell us about yourself in 200 words or less!

Did you know this fact? Seoul, the capital city, is a major hub for the South Korean textile industry.
(s) 2024 TextileGlossary.com Some rights reserved. • Sitemap