What is "Nytril" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 29-May-2023 (1 year, 16 days ago)
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Nytril is a synthetic fiber commonly used in the textile industry due to its exceptional strength, durability, and resistance to various environmental factors. This article provides a comprehensive understanding of Nytril, including its history, types, tips for handling, and profiles of top international users and manufacturers. It targets advanced readers interested in exploring the intricacies of textile materials.

History and Origin

Nytril, also known as nitrile or polyacrylonitrile, was first developed in the mid-1930s as a synthetic fiber with unique properties. It emerged as a result of research efforts to create fibers with improved strength and resistance. The invention of Nytril marked a significant milestone in the textile industry, offering a versatile alternative to natural fibers.

Types of Nytril

Nytril fibers are available in various types, each offering distinct characteristics and applications:

  1. Staple Fiber: Nytril staple fibers are short-length fibers typically used in the production of nonwoven fabrics, such as filtration materials, medical textiles, and protective clothing. They provide excellent chemical resistance and dimensional stability.
  2. Filament Yarn: Nytril filament yarns are long, continuous fibers known for their high tensile strength and resilience. These yarns find application in manufacturing fabrics for technical textiles, automotive upholstery, and industrial applications.
  3. Tow: Nytril tow consists of multiple filament strands loosely bound together. It is commonly used as a raw material for further processing, such as blending with other fibers to enhance specific properties.

Tips for Handling Nytril

To ensure optimal performance and longevity of Nytril fibers, consider the following handling tips:

  • Storage: Store Nytril fibers in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight to prevent degradation and discoloration.
  • Temperature: Avoid exposing Nytril fibers to excessive heat, as it can lead to melting or deformation of the material.
  • Cleaning: Follow the manufacturer's instructions for cleaning Nytril-based textiles. Generally, machine-washing with mild detergent and avoiding harsh chemicals or bleach is recommended.
  • Ironing: Use low to medium heat settings when ironing Nytril fabrics, and avoid direct contact with the iron to prevent damage.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Nytril fibers are widely used by several international brands and manufactured by prominent companies in the textile industry:

  1. DuPont: DuPont, a leading global materials science company, is renowned for its production of Nytril fibers. They offer a wide range of Nytril-based products catering to diverse applications, including industrial textiles, automotive components, and protective clothing.
  2. Teijin: Teijin, a Japanese chemical and pharmaceutical company, manufactures high-performance Nytril fibers under its brand name Twaron. These fibers are widely utilized in ballistic protection, ropes and cables, and reinforcement materials.
  3. Toyobo: Toyobo, a Japanese specialty chemical and textile company, is known for its production of Nytril fibers under the brand name Zylon. Zylon fibers are recognized for their exceptional strength, heat resistance, and dimensional stability, making them suitable for applications such as aerospace and sporting goods.


Nytril has emerged as a versatile and robust synthetic fiber in the textile industry, offering exceptional strength and durability. With its diverse types and applications, Nytril fibers find utility in various sectors, including technical textiles, protective clothing, and industrial materials. By following proper handling guidelines, Nytril fibers can maintain their performance and longevity. The involvement of top international users and manufacturers further showcases the significance of Nytril as a leading textile material in today's market.

A manufactured fiber, most often used in sweaters or pile fabrics, where little or no pressing is recommended, as the fiber has a low softening or melting point. However, it has also been successfully used in blends with wool for the purpose of minimizing shrinkage and improving the shape retention in garments.

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