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What is "Open End Spinning" - Definition & Explanation

A spinning system in which sliver feedstock is highly drafted and thus creates an open end or break in the fibre flow. The fibres are subsequently assembled on the end of a rotating yarn and twisted in. Techniques for collecting and twisting the fibres into a yarn include rotor spinning and frictionspinning.
The production of spun yarns by a process in which the sliver (q.v.) or roving (q.v.) is opened or separated into its individual fibres or tufts and is subsequently reassembled in the spinning element into a yarn.
System of spinning based on putting twist into the yarn without turning the bobbin. This is done by rotating the yarn end at a gap or break in the flow of fibers between the delivery system and the yarn take-up (bobbin). Open end spinning is usually not as smooth and soft as ring spinning.
The production of spun yarns by a process in which the sliver (q.v.) or roving (q.v.) is opened or separated into its individual fibres or tufts and is subsequently reassembled in the spinning element into a yarn. (See also spinning).
A Spinning System In Which Sliver Feedstock Is Highly Drafted, Ideally To Individual Fibre State, And Thus Creates An Open End Or Break In The Fibre Flow. The Fibres Are Subsequently Assembled On The End Of A Rotating Yarn And Twisted In. Various Techniques Are Available For Collecting And Twisting The Fibres Into A Yarn, The Most Noteworthy Being Rotor Spinning And Friction Spinning.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous...
(Breaking Stregth) - The strength shown by a fiber, yarn, or fabric to resist breaking under pressure. It is the actual number of pounds of resistance that a fabric will give before the material is...
Fixing is the term described for the various ways of getting dyes stuck onto or into fibres. Fixing is part of the dyeing process and differs from after-fixing which is generally used to describe a...
These are warp faced cotton fabrics woven with 3,4, and 5 thread warp faced twills and 5 thread satin, with the twill lines running opposite to the direction of the twist of the warp yarn. Thus a...
Silk, rayon, or cotton in a plain or crosswise rib weave. It has a watermarked finish that is fairly stiff with body in most cases. It is produced by passing the fabric between engraved cylinders...

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