What is "Pekin" - Definition & Explanation
Last Updated on: 13-Mar-2023 (6 months, 20 days ago)
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Pekin, also known as Pekin silk or China silk, is a luxurious and versatile fabric that holds a significant place in the textile industry. Renowned for its smooth texture, delicate sheen, and lustrous appearance, Pekin has been a favorite choice for various applications, ranging from clothing to home furnishings.

History and Origin

Pekin has a rich history that can be traced back to ancient China. The fabric originated in the city of Beijing (previously known as Peking), hence the name "Pekin." It was highly regarded and sought after for its exquisite quality and beauty, often used for traditional Chinese garments and ceremonial attire.

During the Silk Road era, Pekin silk gained popularity and began to be exported to different parts of the world. Its sumptuous feel and elegant appearance captivated the international market, making it a prized textile. Over time, Pekin silk production expanded beyond China, and it became synonymous with luxury and refinement.

Types of Pekin

Pekin fabric is available in various types, each offering unique characteristics and applications. Some notable types of Pekin include:

  1. Pure Pekin Silk: This type of Pekin is made from 100% silk fibers, known for its exceptional softness, delicate drape, and natural sheen. It is commonly used in high-end fashion, bridal wear, and luxury home decor.
  2. Blended Pekin: Blended Pekin combines silk with other fibers, such as cotton or synthetic materials, to enhance its durability, affordability, and ease of care. It offers a wider range of options in terms of texture, weight, and color.
  3. Printed Pekin: Printed Pekin features intricate patterns and designs created using various printing techniques, such as block printing or digital printing. This type of Pekin adds visual interest and can be used for garments, scarves, and decorative items.
  4. Embroidered Pekin: Embroidered Pekin showcases exquisite needlework and intricate designs created with silk or metallic threads. It is often used for special occasion garments, decorative trims, and upholstery.

Tips in Handling Pekin

Handling Pekin fabric requires care and attention to maintain its beauty and longevity. Here are some tips for handling Pekin:

  • Handwashing or Dry Cleaning: Pekin silk is delicate and typically requires gentle handwashing with mild detergent or professional dry cleaning. Always check the care instructions provided by the manufacturer.
  • Avoid Direct Sunlight: Pekin fabric should be protected from direct sunlight as prolonged exposure can cause fading or discoloration. Store garments or fabrics in a cool, dark place when not in use.
  • Ironing with Caution: When ironing Pekin, use a low to medium heat setting and place a cloth or pressing cloth over the fabric to prevent direct contact between the iron and silk. Avoid using steam as it can leave water stains.
  • Handling Embroidered Pekin: If dealing with embroidered Pekin, handle it with extra care to avoid snagging or damaging the delicate embroidery. Store embroidered garments flat or rolled to prevent pulling or distortion.

Top International Users and Manufacturers

Pekin fabric has captivated numerous international users and manufacturers. Some of the notable brands that utilize Pekin fabric in their collections include:

  1. Gucci: Known for its high-end fashion and accessories, Gucci occasionally incorporates Pekin fabric into its designs, adding a touch of luxury and elegance to their collections.
  2. Versace: Versace, a renowned luxury brand, features Pekin fabric in their collections, often using it for glamorous evening gowns, elegant drapery, and refined accessories.
  3. Dolce & Gabbana: Dolce & Gabbana utilizes Pekin fabric in their exquisite creations, combining it with intricate lacework and elaborate embellishments to create stunning pieces of wearable art.
  4. Valentino: Valentino incorporates Pekin fabric in their high-fashion designs, showcasing the fabric's luxurious texture and elegant sheen in their couture garments and accessories.
  5. Chanel: Chanel, an iconic fashion house, occasionally features Pekin fabric in their collections, blending it with their signature tweeds and classic silhouettes to create timeless and sophisticated ensembles.
  6. Armani: Armani incorporates Pekin fabric into their collections, often utilizing it for tailored suits, eveningwear, and refined separates, reflecting the brand's commitment to impeccable craftsmanship and style.


Pekin, with its rich history, luxurious texture, and versatile applications, continues to be a cherished fabric in the textile industry. Its association with elegance, refinement, and quality has made it a preferred choice for renowned international brands. Whether in the form of pure silk or blended variations, printed or embroidered designs, Pekin fabric epitomizes timeless beauty and remains a symbol of sophistication in the world of textiles.

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