TextileGlossary.com

What is "Pile" - Definition & Explanation

Raised loops, cut interlacings of double cloths or tufts (cut loops) and other erect yarns or fibers deliberately produced on cloth, which form all or part of the surface of the fabric.
A plush or shaggy surface on a fabric resulting from loops or ends of yarn or fiber projecting above or below the surface of the fabric. Fabric with pile has nap.
The nap of the rug or the tufts remaining after the knotted yarns are clipped.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

pH is the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance. On a scale of 0-14, 7 is neutral (neither acid nor alkaline). Lower than 7 is acidic (gives up a hydrogen atom when added to water) and...
A fabric of worsted, wool worsted and wool and cotton in a satin weave, some in small repeat twill weaves with a clear finish. Has a very good lustre finish which resembles satin. Some has a slight...
yarns made up of 2 different colors, produced by combining fiber strands (rovings) of 2 different colors, or twisting together 2 yarns of different colors, or by cross dyeing plied yarns of 2...
Petroleum solvent almost as strong as turpentine. Faster evaporating than Mineral Spirits, but with similar properties and uses. Faster-evaporaing thinner for most solvent based finishes. Fuel for...
The term used for passing fabric through big continuous ovens called stenters. In addition to just drying stenters can align fabrics, set fabrics, apply chemicals to fabrics via pad mangles. Stenter...

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