TextileGlossary.com

What is "Printing" - Definition & Explanation

Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to migrate into or adhere to textile material. The design is not woven into the cloth but stamped in after the cloth is woven or knit.
The reproduction of a pattern onto a textile material by applying a suitable substance by means of an engraved surface, a stencil or other patterning device.
A process producing a pattern on yarns or fabric by treating rather than by weaving. There are many kinds of printing. Screen printing which is like a stencil. Roller printing is where fabric passes between a roller and a pad. Pigment printing is the use of pigments instead of dyes. The pigments are attached to the surface of the fabric but do not penetrate the fiber as in dyeing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A very fine transparent muslin with a stiff finish. Some has lappet, swivel, or flocked designs. Made with tightly twisted yarns. Crispness is due to a finish with starch and calendering which washes...
Scottish tartan fabric woven with a blue and black ground and green and white over-check. Medium weight, usually not heavy enough for outerwear. Originally all-wool, but now may contain a proportion...
Enzymes derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). GMOs are obtained by altering the genetic material of cells or organisms in order to make them capable of making new substances or...
Cationic dyeable fiber is the newest tool in the fashion designer's lot, It's a dye technique that allows certain fibers (like nylon, or polyester)to take deep and brilliant colors. When catonic...
Sheared from free range roaming sheep that have not been subjected to toxic flea dipping, and have not been treated with chemicals, dyes, or bleaches. Eco wool comes in natural tones of white, grey...

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