TextileGlossary.com

What is "Printing" - Definition & Explanation

Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to migrate into or adhere to textile material. The design is not woven into the cloth but stamped in after the cloth is woven or knit.
The reproduction of a pattern onto a textile material by applying a suitable substance by means of an engraved surface, a stencil or other patterning device.
A process producing a pattern on yarns or fabric by treating rather than by weaving. There are many kinds of printing. Screen printing which is like a stencil. Roller printing is where fabric passes between a roller and a pad. Pigment printing is the use of pigments instead of dyes. The pigments are attached to the surface of the fabric but do not penetrate the fiber as in dyeing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A warp knit fabric of silk, rayon, or synthetics in which the fabric is formed by interlooping adjacent parallel yarns. The warp beam holds thousands of yards of yarns in a parallel arrangement, and...
A hand method of dyeing that involves gathering small portions of the fabric and tying them tightly before dyeing. The tied areas resist penetration of the dye, resulting in irregular patterns. Also...
There are three ways by which fabric is sold. 1. Ounces per linear yard: a 14-ounce covert topcoating, a 22-ounce melton overcoating. 2. Yards to the pound: a 3. 60 airplane cloth, a 4. 00 filling...
Enzymes derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). GMOs are obtained by altering the genetic material of cells or organisms in order to make them capable of making new substances or...
Color changes in localized areas of a garment due to differential wear, such as the knees of blue jeans. Often evident in cross-dye shades of blends where durable press treatments are applied. Color...

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