TextileGlossary.com

What is "Printing" - Definition & Explanation

Applying color(s) in definite, repeated patterns of fabric by any one of a number of printing methods. Color is deposited in thick paste form and treated with steam or chemicals to cause it to migrate into or adhere to textile material. The design is not woven into the cloth but stamped in after the cloth is woven or knit.
The reproduction of a pattern onto a textile material by applying a suitable substance by means of an engraved surface, a stencil or other patterning device.
A process producing a pattern on yarns or fabric by treating rather than by weaving. There are many kinds of printing. Screen printing which is like a stencil. Roller printing is where fabric passes between a roller and a pad. Pigment printing is the use of pigments instead of dyes. The pigments are attached to the surface of the fabric but do not penetrate the fiber as in dyeing.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A woven is a cloth formed by weaving. It only stretches in the bias directions (between the warp and weft directions), unless the threads are elastic. Woven cloth usually frays at the edges, unless...
A fibre made from a synthetic linear polymer obtained by polymerising an unsaturated hydrocarbon (e.g. ethylene CH²-CH² or propylene CH² = CH-CH3) to give a linear saturated hydrocarbon. (See also...
A process in which a series of interlooped stitches are inserted along the length of a pre-formed fabric, an array of cross-laid yarns or a fibre web. Proprietary systems include Arachne, Malipol and...
The generic name for fibres made from a synthetic linear polymer of ethylene and that has the structure: NOTE: The two types of commercial production are: a) high-density polyethylene *HDPE),...
A soft, plush like fabric of wool, usually containing somespecialhair fiber,such as alpaca or mohair. The term isproperly appliedonly to yarnall-woolproduct, closelywoven and of pine stock. Diagonal...

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