TextileGlossary.com

What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

This term can refer to either 'seamless knitting' (See Seamless Knitting), or 'welding/bonding technology', which uses a bonding agent to attach two pieces of fabric together, and eliminates the need...
Plain-weave, medium- or light-weight fabrics. Can beeither carded orcombed cotton or cotton blend yarns.Usually woven on a boxloom. Coloredand white yarnsor multicolored yarns form the pattern....
A yarn composed of one or more filaments that run the whole length of the yarn. NOTE: Yarns of one filament and of more than one filament are known as monofilament and multi-filament yarns...
Wood that is the same but appears to be different shades at different viewing or illumination angles. This is often due to grain direction in plywood or veneer that is bookmatched. May be intentional...
A fabric that, owing to the nature of the weave, shows rounded cords in the warp direction with pronounced sunken lines between them. NOTE: The weave on the face of the cords is usually plain, but...

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