TextileGlossary.com

What is "Shrinkage" - Definition & Explanation

The reduction in a dimension of a fibre, yarn or fabric.

NOTE:

Shrinkage may be induced by various treatments, e.g. wetting, steaming, alkali treatment, laundering, dry heat.

The weight raw wool loses when scoured, expressed as a percentage of the original weight.
The contraction of a fiber, yarn or fabric after washing and drying. All products made of natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4%-8%.

Some other terms

Some more terms:

A fabric made from yarns with low luster, such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle, subtle luster. Sateen fabrics are often used for draperies and...
Warp stripes that occur at regular intervals across part or all of the fabric width as the result of tension variation in the sections during section warping or because of differential dyeability of...
A yarn which differs from the normal construction of single and folded yarns by way of deliberately produced irregularities in its construction. These irregularities are formed by increasing the...
made from cotton with a four harness warp-faced twill weave. The filling yarn is a very loosely twisted and soft and later brushed to produce a soft nap on the back, the warp is medium in size. The...
A warp-faced piece-dyed twill fabric that has a stout texture and a higher number of threads per centimetre in the warp than in the weft. NOTE: Some drills are made with five-end satin weave and it...

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