Spacer fabric is a unique type of textile that is made using a specialized manufacturing process. It is characterized by its three-dimensional structure, which consists of two layers of fabric that are joined together by a layer of spacer yarns. The spacer yarns create a gap or "spacer" between the two layers of fabric, which gives the material its unique properties.
The manufacturing process for spacer fabric involves using a circular knitting machine to create a tubular fabric with a continuous length of spacer yarn running through the middle. This tubular fabric is then sliced open and the two layers of fabric are separated, leaving the spacer yarns in the middle. The result is a three-dimensional fabric with a soft, cushioned feel.
Spacer fabric is known for its unique properties, which include breathability, moisture-wicking, and insulation. The spacer yarns in the middle of the fabric create a gap between the two layers of fabric, which allows air to circulate freely through the material. This makes it highly breathable and comfortable to wear in hot or humid conditions. Additionally, the spacer yarns wick moisture away from the body, helping to keep the wearer cool and dry.
In terms of insulation, the air trapped between the two layers of fabric creates a thermal barrier that helps to regulate body temperature. This makes spacer fabric an ideal choice for clothing and other textile products that are designed to provide warmth and protection in cold or harsh environments.
Spacer fabric is also highly versatile and can be used in a wide range of applications, including sportswear, outdoor clothing, upholstery, and medical devices. In sportswear, it is often used to create breathable, moisture-wicking clothing that is designed to keep athletes comfortable during intense physical activity. In outdoor clothing, it can be used to create insulated jackets and other garments that provide warmth and protection in cold or wet conditions.
In upholstery, spacer fabric can be used to create cushions and other soft furnishings that are both comfortable and durable. Its three-dimensional structure helps to distribute weight evenly, reducing pressure points and increasing comfort. It also resists compression over time, ensuring that it retains its shape and resilience.
Finally, in medical devices, spacer fabric can be used to create cushions, supports, and other products that provide comfort and protection for patients. Its breathable and moisture-wicking properties make it ideal for use in wound care and other applications where skin integrity is a concern.
In conclusion, spacer fabric is a unique type of textile that is characterized by its three-dimensional structure and specialized manufacturing process. It is known for its breathability, moisture-wicking, insulation, and versatility, and is used in a wide range of applications, including sportswear, outdoor clothing, upholstery, and medical devices. Its cushioned feel and ability to distribute weight evenly make it a comfortable and durable choice for a variety of textile products.
Two separate fabrics faces knitted independently and then connected by a separate spacer yarn. These fabrics can be produced on both circular and flat knitting machines. Spacer fabrics have the properties of good breathability, crush resistance, and a 3D appearance.